The word of Jehovah that came unto Hosea the son
of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of
Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel.
When Jehovah spake at the first by Hosea, Jehovah
said unto Hosea, Go, take unto thee a wife of whoredom and children of
whoredom; for the land doth commit great whoredom, departing from
Jehovah. So he went and took Gomer the daughter
of Diblaim; and she conceived, and bare him a son.
And Jehovah said unto him, Call his name Jezreel;
for yet a little while, and I will avenge the blood of Jezreel upon the
house of Jehu, and will cause the kingdom of the house of Israel to cease.
And it shall come to pass at that day, that I
will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.
And she conceived again, and bare a daughter. And
Jehovah said unto him, Call her name Lo-ruhamah; for I will no more
have mercy upon the house of Israel, that I should in any wise pardon
them. But I will have mercy upon the house of
Judah, and will save them by Jehovah their God, and will not save them by
bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen.
Now when she had weaned Lo-ruhamah, she
conceived, and bare a son. And Jehovah
said, Call his name Lo-ammi; for ye are not my people, and I will not be
your God. Yet the number of the children
of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor
numbered; and it shall come to pass that, in the place where it was said
unto them, Ye are not my people, it shall be said unto them, Ye are
the sons of the living God. And the children of
Judah and the children of Israel shall be gathered together, and they
shall appoint themselves one head, and shall go up from the land; for
great shall be the day of Jezreel.
Say ye unto your brethren, Ammi; and to your
sisters, Ruhamah. Contend with your mother,
contend; for she is not my wife, neither am I her husband; and let her put
away her whoredoms from her face, and her adulteries from between her
breasts; lest I strip her naked, and set her as
in the day that she was born, and make her as a wilderness, and set her
like a dry land, and slay her with thirst. Yea,
upon her children will I have no mercy; for they are children of whoredom;
for their mother hath played the harlot; she that
conceived them hath done shamefully; for she said, I will go after my
lovers, that give me my bread and my water, my wool and my flax, mine oil
and my drink. Therefore, behold, I will hedge up
thy way with thorns, and I will build a wall against her, that she shall
not find her paths. And she shall follow after
her lovers, but she shall not overtake them; and she shall seek them, but
shall not find them: then shall she say, I will go and return to my first
husband; for then was it better with me than now.
For she did not know that I gave her the grain,
and the new wine, and the oil, and multiplied unto her silver and gold,
which they used for Baal. Therefore will I take
back my grain in the time thereof, and my new wine in the season thereof,
and will pluck away my wool and my flax which should have covered her
nakedness. And now will I uncover her lewdness
in the sight of her lovers, and none shall deliver her out of my hand.
I will also cause all her mirth to cease, her
feasts, her new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn assemblies.
And I will lay waste her vines and her
fig-trees, whereof she hath said, These are my hire that my lovers have
given me; and I will make them a forest, and the beasts of the field shall
eat them. And I will visit upon her the days of
the Baalim, unto which she burned incense, when she decked herself with
her earrings and her jewels, and went after her lovers, and forgat me,
says Jehovah. Therefore, behold, I will allure
her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak comfortably unto her.
And I will give her her vineyards from thence,
and the valley of Achor for a door of hope; and she shall make answer
there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the day when she came up out
of the land of Egypt. And it shall be at that
day, says Jehovah, that thou will call me Ishi, and will call me no
more Baali. For I will take away the names of
the Baalim out of her mouth, and they shall no more be mentioned by their
name. And in that day will I make a covenant for
them with the beasts of the field, and with the birds of the heavens, and
with the creeping things of the ground: and I will break the bow and the
sword and the battle out of the land, and will make them to lie down
safely. And I will betroth thee unto me for
ever; yea, I will betroth thee unto me in righteousness, and in justice,
and in lovingkindness, and in mercies. I will
even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness; and thou will know Jehovah.
And it shall come to pass in that day, I will
answer, says Jehovah, I will answer the heavens, and they shall answer
the earth; and the earth shall answer the grain,
and the new wine, and the oil; and they shall answer Jezreel.
And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I
will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to
them that were not my people, Thou art my people; and they shall say,
Thou art my God.
And Jehovah said unto me, Go again, love a woman
beloved of her friend, and an adulteress, even as Jehovah loves
the children of Israel, though they turn unto other gods, and love cakes
of raisins. So I bought her to me for fifteen
pieces of silver, and a homer of barley, and a half-homer of
barley; and I said unto her, Thou will abide for
me many days; thou will not play the harlot, and thou will not be any
man's wife: so will I also be toward thee. For
the children of Israel shall abide many days without king, and without
prince, and without sacrifice, and without pillar, and without ephod or
teraphim: afterward shall the children of Israel
return, and seek Jehovah their God, and David their king, and shall come
with fear unto Jehovah and to his goodness in the latter days.
Hear the word of Jehovah, ye children of Israel;
for Jehovah hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because
there is no truth, nor goodness, nor knowledge of God in the land.
There is nought but swearing and breaking faith,
and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery; they break out, and
blood toucheth blood. Therefore shall the land
mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall languish, with the beasts
of the field and the birds of the heavens; yea, the fishes of the sea also
shall be taken away. Yet let no man strive,
neither let any man reprove; for thy people are as they that strive with
the priest. And thou will stumble in the day,
and the prophet also shall stumble with thee in the night; and I will
destroy thy mother. My people are destroyed for
lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also
reject thee, that thou will be no priest to me: seeing thou hast
forgotten the law of thy God, I also will forget thy children.
As they were multiplied, so they sinned against
me: I will change their glory into shame. They
feed on the sin of my people, and set their heart on their iniquity.
And it shall be, like people, like priest; and I
will punish them for their ways, and will requite them their doings.
And they shall eat, and not have enough; they
shall play the harlot, and shall not increase; because they have left off
taking heed to Jehovah. Whoredom and wine and
new wine take away the understanding. My people
ask counsel at their stock, and their staff declareth unto them; for the
spirit of whoredom hath caused them to err, and they have played the
harlot, departing from under their God.
They sacrifice upon the tops of the mountains,
and burn incense upon the hills, under oaks and poplars and terebinths,
because the shadow thereof is good: therefore your daughters play the
harlot, and your brides commit adultery. I will
not punish your daughters when they play the harlot, nor your brides when
they commit adultery; for the men themselves go apart with harlots,
and they sacrifice with the prostitutes; and the people that doth not
understand shall be overthrown. Though thou,
Israel, play the harlot, yet let not Judah offend; and come not ye unto
Gilgal, neither go ye up to Beth-aven, nor swear, As Jehovah liveth.
For Israel hath behaved himself stubbornly, like
a stubborn heifer: now will Jehovah feed them as a lamb in a large place.
Ephraim is joined to idols; let him alone.
Their drink is become sour; they play the harlot
continually; her rulers dearly love shame. The
wind hath wrapped her up in its wings; and they shall be put to shame
because of their sacrifices.
Hear this, O ye priests, and hearken, O house of
Israel, and give ear, O house of the king; for unto you pertaineth the
judgment; for ye have been a snare at Mizpah, and a net spread upon Tabor.
And the revolters are gone deep in making
slaughter; but I am a rebuker of them all. I know
Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me; for now, O Ephraim, thou hast
played the harlot, Israel is defiled. Their
doings will not suffer them to turn unto their God; for the spirit of
whoredom is within them, and they know not Jehovah.
And the pride of Israel doth testify to his face:
therefore Israel and Ephraim shall stumble in their iniquity; Judah also
shall stumble with them. They shall go with their
flocks and with their herds to seek Jehovah; but they shall not find him:
he hath withdrawn himself from them. They have
dealt treacherously against Jehovah; for they have borne strange children:
now shall the new moon devour them with their fields.
Blow ye the cornet in Gibeah, and the trumpet in
Ramah: sound an alarm at Beth-aven; behind thee, O Benjamin.
Ephraim shall become a desolation in the day of
rebuke: among the tribes of Israel have I made known that which shall
surely be. The princes of Judah are like them
that remove the landmark: I will pour out my wrath upon them like water.
Ephraim is oppressed, he is crushed in judgment;
because he was content to walk after man's command.
Therefore am I unto Ephraim as a moth, and to
the house of Judah as rottenness. When Ephraim
saw his sickness, and Judah saw his wound, then went Ephraim to
Assyria, and sent to king Jareb: but he is not able to heal you, neither
will he cure you of your wound. For I will be
unto Ephraim as a lion, and as a young lion to the house of Judah: I, even
I, will tear and go away; I will carry off, and there shall be none to
deliver. I will go and return to my place, till
they acknowledge their offence, and seek my face: in their affliction they
will seek me earnestly.
Come, and let us return unto Jehovah; for he hath
torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up.
After two days will he revive us: on the third
day he will raise us up, and we shall live before him.
And let us know, let us follow on to know
Jehovah: his going forth is sure as the morning; and he will come unto us
as the rain, as the latter rain that watereth the earth.
O Ephraim, what shall I do unto thee? O Judah,
what shall I do unto thee? for your goodness is as a morning cloud, and as
the dew that goeth early away. Therefore have I
hewed them by the prophets; I have slain them by the words of my mouth:
and thy judgments are as the light that goeth forth.
For I desire goodness, and not sacrifice; and the
knowledge of God more than burnt-offerings. But
they like Adam have transgressed the covenant: there have they dealt
treacherously against me. Gilead is a city of
them that work iniquity; it is stained with blood.
And as troops of robbers wait for a man, so the
company of priests murder in the way toward Shechem; yea, they have
committed lewdness. In the house of Israel I
have seen a horrible thing: there whoredom is found in Ephraim,
Israel is defiled. Also, O Judah, there is a
harvest appointed for thee, when I bring back the captivity of my people.
When I would heal Israel, then is the iniquity of
Ephraim uncovered, and the wickedness of Samaria; for they commit
falsehood, and the thief entereth in, and the troop of robbers ravageth
without. And they consider not in their hearts
that I remember all their wickedness: now have their own doings beset them
about; they are before my face. They make the
king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with their lies.
They are all adulterers; they are as an oven
heated by the baker; he ceaseth to stir the fire, from the kneading
of the dough, until it be leavened. On the day of
our king the princes made themselves sick with the heat of wine; he
stretched out his hand with scoffers. For they
have made ready their heart like an oven, while they lie in wait: their
baker sleepeth all the night; in the morning it burneth as a flaming fire.
They are all hot as an oven, and devour their
judges; all their kings are fallen: there is none among them that calleth
unto me. Ephraim, he mixeth himself among the
peoples; Ephraim is a cake not turned. Strangers
have devoured his strength, and he knoweth it not: yea, gray hairs
are here and there upon him, and he knoweth it not.
And the pride of Israel doth testify to his
face: yet they have not returned unto Jehovah their God, nor sought him,
for all this. And Ephraim is like a silly dove,
without understanding: they call unto Egypt, they go to Assyria.
When they shall go, I will spread my net upon
them; I will bring them down as the birds of the heavens; I will chastise
them, as their congregation hath heard. Woe unto
them! for they have wandered from me; destruction unto them! for they have
trespassed against me: though I would redeem them, yet they have spoken
lies against me. And they have not cried unto me
with their heart, but they howl upon their beds: they assemble themselves
for grain and new wine; they rebel against me.
Though I have taught and strengthened their
arms, yet do they devise mischief against me.
They return, but not to him that is on
high; they are like a deceitful bow; their princes shall fall by the sword
for the rage of their tongue: this shall be their derision in the land of
Set the trumpet to thy mouth. As an eagle
he cometh against the house of Jehovah, because they have
transgressed my covenant, and trespassed against my law.
They shall cry unto me, My God, we Israel know
thee. Israel hath cast off that which is good:
the enemy shall pursue him. They have set up
kings, but not by me; they have made princes, and I knew it not: of their
silver and their gold have they made them idols, that they may be cut off.
He hath cast off thy calf, O Samaria; mine anger
is kindled against them: how long will it be ere they attain to innocency?
For from Israel is even this; the workman made
it, and it is no God; yea, the calf of Samaria shall be broken in pieces.
For they sow the wind, and they shall reap the
whirlwind: he hath no standing grain; the blade shall yield no meal; if so
be it yield, strangers shall swallow it up.
Israel is swallowed up: now are they among the
nations as a vessel wherein none delighteth. For
they are gone up to Assyria, like a wild ass alone by himself:
Ephraim hath hired lovers. Yea, though they hire
among the nations, now will I gather them; and they begin to be diminished
by reason of the burden of the king of princes.
Because Ephraim hath multiplied altars for
sinning, altars have been unto him for sinning.
I wrote for him the ten thousand things of my
law; but they are counted as a strange thing. As
for the sacrifices of mine offerings, they sacrifice flesh and eat it; but
Jehovah accepteth them not: now will he remember their iniquity, and visit
their sins; they shall return to Egypt. For
Israel hath forgotten his Maker, and builded palaces; and Judah hath
multiplied fortified cities: but I will send a fire upon his cities, and
it shall devour the castles thereof.
Rejoice not, O Israel, for joy, like the peoples;
for thou hast played the harlot, departing from thy God; thou hast
loved hire upon every grain-floor. The
threshing-floor and the winepress shall not feed them, and the new wine
shall fail her. They shall not dwell in Jehovah's
land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean food
in Assyria. They shall not pour out
wine-offerings to Jehovah, neither shall they be pleasing unto him: their
sacrifices shall be unto them as the bread of mourners; all that eat
thereof shall be polluted; for their bread shall be for their appetite; it
shall not come into the house of Jehovah. What
will ye do in the day of solemn assembly, and in the day of the feast of
Jehovah? For, lo, they are gone away from
destruction; yet Egypt shall gather them up, Memphis shall bury
them; their pleasant things of silver, nettles shall possess them; thorns
shall be in their tents. The days of visitation
are come, the days of recompense are come; Israel shall know it: the
prophet is a fool, the man that hath the spirit is mad, for the abundance
of thine iniquity, and because the enmity is great.
Ephraim was a watchman with my God: as for
the prophet, a fowler's snare is in all his ways, and enmity in the
house of his God. They have deeply corrupted
themselves, as in the days of Gibeah: he will remember their iniquity, he
will visit their sins. I found Israel like
grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers as the first-ripe in the
fig-tree at its first season: but they came to Baal-peor, and consecrated
themselves unto the shameful thing, and became abominable like that which
they loved. As for Ephraim, their glory shall
fly away like a bird: there shall be no birth, and none with child, and no
conception. Though they bring up their children,
yet will I bereave them, so that not a man shall be left: yea, woe also to
them when I depart from them! Ephraim, like as I
have seen Tyre, is planted in a pleasant place: but Ephraim shall bring
out his children to the slayer. Give them, O
Jehovah-what wilt thou give? give them a miscarrying womb and dry breasts.
All their wickedness is in Gilgal; for there I
hated them: because of the wickedness of their doings I will drive them
out of my house; I will love them no more; all their princes are
revolters. Ephraim is smitten, their root is
dried up, they shall bear no fruit: yea, though they bring forth, yet will
I slay the beloved fruit of their womb. My God
will cast them away, because they did not hearken unto him; and they shall
be wanderers among the nations.
Israel is a luxuriant vine, that putteth forth
his fruit: according to the abundance of his fruit he hath multiplied his
altars; according to the goodness of their land they have made goodly
pillars. Their heart is divided; now shall they
be found guilty: he will smite their altars, he will destroy their
pillars. Surely now shall they say, We have no
king; for we fear not Jehovah; and the king, what can he do for us?
They speak vain words, swearing falsely
in making covenants: therefore judgment springeth up as hemlock in the
furrows of the field. The inhabitants of Samaria
shall be in terror for the calves of Beth-aven; for the people thereof
shall mourn over it, and the priests thereof that rejoiced over it, for
the glory thereof, because it is departed from it.
It also shall be carried unto Assyria for a
present to king Jareb: Ephraim shall receive shame, and Israel shall be
ashamed of his own counsel. As for
Samaria, her king is cut off, as foam upon the water.
The high places also of Aven, the sin of Israel,
shall be destroyed: the thorn and the thistle shall come up on their
altars; and they shall say to the mountains, Cover us; and to the hills,
Fall on us. O Israel, thou hast sinned from the
days of Gibeah: there they stood; the battle against the children of
iniquity doth not overtake them in Gibeah. When
it is my desire, I will chastise them; and the peoples shall be gathered
against them, when they are bound to their two transgressions.
And Ephraim is a heifer that is taught, that
loves to tread out the grain; but I have passed over upon her fair
neck: I will set a rider on Ephraim; Judah shall plow, Jacob shall break
his clods. Sow to yourselves in righteousness,
reap according to kindness; break up your fallow ground; for it is time to
seek Jehovah, till he come and rain righteousness upon you.
Ye have plowed wickedness, ye have reaped
iniquity; ye have eaten the fruit of lies; for thou didst trust in thy
way, in the multitude of thy mighty men.
Therefore shall a tumult arise among thy
people, and all thy fortresses shall be destroyed, as Shalman destroyed
Beth-arbel in the day of battle: the mother was dashed in pieces with her
children. So shall Beth-el do unto you because
of your great wickedness: at daybreak shall the king of Israel be utterly
When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and
called my son out of Egypt. The more the
prophets called them, the more they went from them: they sacrificed
unto the Baalim, and burned incense to graven images.
Yet I taught Ephraim to walk; I took them on my
arms; but they knew not that I healed them. I
drew them with cords of a man, with bands of love; and I was to them as
they that lift up the yoke on their jaws; and I laid food before them.
They shall not return into the land of Egypt;
but the Assyrian shall be their king, because they refused to return to
me. And the sword shall fall upon their
cities, and shall consume their bars, and devour them, because of
their own counsels. And my people are bent on
backsliding from me: though they call them to him that is on high,
none at all will exalt him. How shall I
give thee up, Ephraim? how shall I cast thee off, Israel? how shall
I make thee as Admah? how shall I set thee as Zeboiim? my heart is
turned within me, my compassions are kindled together.
I will not execute the fierceness of mine anger,
I will not return to destroy Ephraim: for I am God, and not man; the Holy
One in the midst of thee; and I will not come in wrath.
They shall walk after Jehovah, who will roar
like a lion; for he will roar, and the children shall come trembling from
the west. They shall come trembling as a bird
out of Egypt, and as a dove out of the land of Assyria; and I will make
them to dwell in their houses, says Jehovah.
Ephraim compasseth me about with falsehood, and
the house of Israel with deceit; but Judah yet ruleth with God, and is
faithful with the Holy One.
Ephraim feedeth on wind, and follows after the
east wind: he continually multiplieth lies and desolation; and they make a
covenant with Assyria, and oil is carried into Egypt.
Jehovah hath also a controversy with Judah, and
will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he
recompense him. In the womb he took his brother
by the heel; and in his manhood he had power with God:
yea, he had power over the angel, and prevailed;
he wept, and made supplication unto him: he found him at Beth-el, and
there he spake with us, even Jehovah, the God of
hosts; Jehovah is his memorial name.
Therefore turn thou to thy God: keep kindness
and justice, and wait for thy God continually.
He is a trafficker, the balances of
deceit are in his hand: he loves to oppress.
And Ephraim said, Surely I am become rich, I
have found me wealth: in all my labors they shall find in me no iniquity
that were sin. But I am Jehovah thy God from the
land of Egypt; I will yet again make thee to dwell in tents, as in the
days of the solemn feast. I have also spoken
unto the prophets, and I have multiplied visions; and by the ministry of
the prophets have I used similitudes. Is Gilead
iniquity? they are altogether false; in Gilgal they sacrifice bullocks;
yea, their altars are as heaps in the furrows of the field.
And Jacob fled into the field of Aram, and
Israel served for a wife, and for a wife he kept sheep.
And by a prophet Jehovah brought Israel up out
of Egypt, and by a prophet was he preserved.
Ephraim hath provoked to anger most bitterly:
therefore shall his blood be left upon him, and his reproach shall his
Lord return unto him.
When Ephraim spake, there was trembling; he
exalted himself in Israel; but when he offended in Baal, he died.
And now they sin more and more, and have made
them molten images of their silver, even idols according to their own
understanding, all of them the work of the craftsmen: they say of them,
Let the men that sacrifice kiss the calves.
Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud,
and as the dew that passeth early away, as the chaff that is driven with
the whirlwind out of the threshing-floor, and as the smoke out of the
chimney. Yet I am Jehovah thy God from the land
of Egypt; and thou will know no god but me, and besides me there is no
saviour. I did know thee in the wilderness, in
the land of great drought. According to their
pasture, so were they filled; they were filled, and their heart was
exalted: therefore have they forgotten me.
Therefore am I unto them as a lion; as a leopard
will I watch by the way; I will meet them as a
bear that is bereaved of her whelps, and will rend the caul of their
heart; and there will I devour them like a lioness; the wild beast shall
tear them. It is thy destruction, O Israel, that
thou art against me, against thy help.
Where now is thy king, that he may save thee in
all thy cities? and thy judges, of whom thou saidst, Give me a king and
princes? I have given thee a king in mine
anger, and have taken him away in my wrath. The
iniquity of Ephraim is bound up; his sin is laid up in store.
The sorrows of a travailing woman shall come
upon him: he is an unwise son; for it is time he should not tarry in the
place of the breaking forth of children. I will
ransom them from the power of Sheol; I will redeem them from death: O
death, where are thy plagues? O Sheol, where is thy destruction?
repentance shall be hid from mine eyes. Though
he be fruitful among his brethren, an east wind shall come, the breath of
Jehovah coming up from the wilderness; and his spring shall become dry,
and his fountain shall be dried up: he shall make spoil of the treasure of
all goodly vessels. Samaria shall bear her
guilt; for she hath rebelled against her God: they shall fall by the
sword; their infants shall be dashed in pieces, and their women with child
shall be ripped up.
O Israel, return unto Jehovah thy God; for thou
hast fallen by thine iniquity. Take with you
words, and return unto Jehovah: say unto him, Take away all iniquity, and
accept that which is good: so will we render as bullocks the
offering of our lips. Assyria shall not save
us; we will not ride upon horses; neither will we say any more to the work
of our hands, Ye are our gods; for in thee the fatherless findeth
mercy. I will heal their backsliding, I will
love them freely; for mine anger is turned away from him.
I will be as the dew unto Israel; he shall
blossom as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.
His branches shall spread, and his beauty shall
be as the olive-tree, and his smell as Lebanon.
They that dwell under his shadow shall return;
they shall revive as the grain, and blossom as the vine: the scent
thereof shall be as the wine of Lebanon. Ephraim
shall say, What have I to do any more with idols? I have answered,
and will regard him: I am like a green fir-tree; from me is thy fruit
found. Who is wise, that he may understand these
things? prudent, that he may know them? for the ways of Jehovah are right,
and the just shall walk in them; but transgressors shall fall therein.