And it came to pass after the death of Saul, when
David was returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had
abode two days in Ziklag; it came to pass on the
third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul, with his
clothes rent, and earth upon his head: and so it was, when he came to
David, that he fell to the earth, and did obeisance.
And David said unto him, From whence comest thou?
And he said unto him, Out of the camp of Israel am I escaped.
And David said unto him, How went the matter? I
pray thee, tell me. And he answered, The people are fled from the battle,
and many of the people also are fallen and dead; and Saul and Jonathan his
son are dead also. And David said unto the young
man that told him, How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son are
dead? And the young man that told him said, As I
happened by chance upon mount Gilboa, behold, Saul was leaning upon his
spear; and, lo, the chariots and the horsemen followed hard after him.
And when he looked behind him, he saw me, and
called unto me. And I answered, Here am I. And he
said unto me, Who art thou? And I answered him, I am an Amalekite.
And he said unto me, Stand, I pray thee, beside
me, and slay me; for anguish hath taken hold of me, because my life is yet
whole in me. So I stood beside him, and slew
him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen:
and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on
his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord.
Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent
them; and likewise all the men that were with him:
and they mourned, and wept, and fasted until
even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of Jehovah,
and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.
And David said unto the young man that told him,
Whence art thou? And he answered, I am the son of a sojourner, an
Amalekite. And David said unto him, How wast
thou not afraid to put forth thy hand to destroy Jehovah's anointed?
And David called one of the young men, and said,
Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him, so that he died.
And David said unto him, Thy blood be upon thy
head; for thy mouth hath testified against thee, saying, I have slain
And David lamented with this lamentation over
Saul and over Jonathan his son (and he bade them
teach the children of Judah the song of the bow: behold, it is
written in the book of Jashar):
Thy glory, O Israel, is slain upon thy high
How are the mighty fallen!
Tell it not in Gath,
Publish it not in the streets of Ashkelon;
Lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice,
Lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph.
Ye mountains of Gilboa,
Let there be no dew nor rain upon you, neither fields of offerings:
For there the shield of the mighty was vilely cast away,
The shield of Saul, not anointed with oil.
From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the
The bow of Jonathan turned not back,
And the sword of Saul returned not empty.
Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in
And in their death they were not divided:
They were swifter than eagles,
They were stronger than lions.
Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul,
Who clothed you in scarlet delicately,
Who put ornaments of gold upon your apparel.
How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the
Jonathan is slain upon thy high places.
I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan:
Very pleasant hast thou been unto me:
Thy love to me was wonderful,
Passing the love of women.
How are the mighty fallen,
And the weapons of war perished!
And it came to pass after this, that David
inquired of Jehovah, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of
Judah? And Jehovah said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I
go up? And he said, Unto Hebron. So David went up
thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the
wife of Nabal the Carmelite. And his men that
were with him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they
dwelt in the cities of Hebron. And the men of
Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah.
And they told David, saying, The men of Jabesh-gilead were they that
buried Saul. And David sent messengers unto the
men of Jabesh-gilead, and said unto them, Blessed be ye of Jehovah, that
ye have showed this kindness unto your lord, even unto Saul, and have
buried him. And now Jehovah show lovingkindness
and truth unto you: and I also will requite you this kindness, because ye
have done this thing. Now therefore let your
hands be strong, and be ye valiant; for Saul your lord is dead, and also
the house of Judah have anointed me king over them.
Now Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host,
had taken Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim;
and he made him king over Gilead, and over the
Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over
all Israel. Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, was forty
years old when he began to reign over Israel, and he reigned two years.
But the house of Judah followed David. And the
time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years
and six months.
And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of
Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon.
And Joab the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of
David, went out, and met them by the pool of Gibeon; and they sat down,
the one on the one side of the pool, and the other on the other side of
the pool. And Abner said to Joab, Let the young
men, I pray thee, arise and play before us. And Joab said, Let them arise.
Then they arose and went over by number: twelve
for Benjamin, and for Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the
servants of David. And they caught every one his
fellow by the head, and thrust his sword in his fellow's side; so
they fell down together: wherefore that place was called Helkath-hazzurim,
which is in Gibeon. And the battle was very sore
that day: and Abner was beaten, and the men of Israel, before the servants
And the three sons of Zeruiah were there, Joab,
and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel was as light of foot as a wild roe.
And Asahel pursued after Abner; and in going he
turned not to the right hand nor to the left from following Abner.
Then Abner looked behind him, and said, Is it
thou, Asahel? And he answered, It is I. And
Abner said to him, Turn thee aside to thy right hand or to thy left, and
lay thee hold on one of the young men, and take thee his armor. But Asahel
would not turn aside from following him. And
Abner said again to Asahel, Turn thee aside from following me: wherefore
should I smite thee to the ground? how then should I hold up my face to
Joab thy brother? Howbeit he refused to turn
aside: wherefore Abner with the hinder end of the spear smote him in the
body, so that the spear came out behind him; and he fell down there, and
died in the same place: and it came to pass, that as many as came to the
place where Asahel fell down and died stood still.
But Joab and Abishai pursued after Abner: and
the sun went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah, that lieth
before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon.
And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves
together after Abner, and became one band, and stood on the top of a hill.
Then Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall the
sword devour for ever? knowest thou not that it will be bitterness in the
latter end? how long shall it be then, ere thou bid the people return from
following their brethren? And Joab said, As God
liveth, if thou hadst not spoken, surely then in the morning the people
had gone away, nor followed every one his brother.
So Joab blew the trumpet; and all the people
stood still, and pursued after Israel no more, neither fought they any
more. And Abner and his men went all that night
through the Arabah; and they passed over the Jordan, and went through all
Bithron, and came to Mahanaim.
And Joab returned from following Abner: and when
he had gathered all the people together, there lacked of David's servants
nineteen men and Asahel. But the servants of
David had smitten of Benjamin, and of Abner's men, so that three
hundred and threescore men died. And they took
up Asahel, and buried him in the sepulchre of his father, which was in
Beth-lehem. And Joab and his men went all night, and the day brake upon
them at Hebron.
Now there was long war between the house of Saul
and the house of David: and David waxed stronger and stronger, but the
house of Saul waxed weaker and weaker.
And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his
first-born was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess;
and his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of
Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter
of Talmai king of Geshur; and the fourth,
Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital;
and the sixth, Ithream, of Eglah, David's wife.
These were born to David in Hebron.
And it came to pass, while there was war between
the house of Saul and the house of David, that Abner made himself strong
in the house of Saul. Now Saul had a concubine,
whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah: and Ish-bosheth said
to Abner, Wherefore hast thou gone in unto my father's concubine?
Then was Abner very wroth for the words of
Ish-bosheth, and said, Am I a dog's head that belongeth to Judah? This day
do I show kindness unto the house of Saul thy father, to his brethren, and
to his friends, and have not delivered thee into the hand of David; and
yet thou chargest me this day with a fault concerning this woman.
God do so to Abner, and more also, if, as Jehovah
hath sworn to David, I do not even so to him; to
transfer the kingdom from the house of Saul, and to set up the throne of
David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan even to Beer-sheba.
And he could not answer Abner another word,
because he feared him.
And Abner sent messengers to David on his
behalf, saying, Whose is the land? saying also, Make thy league
with me, and, behold, my hand shall be with thee, to bring about all
Israel unto thee. And he said, Well; I will make
a league with thee; but one thing I require of thee: that is, thou will
not see my face, except thou first bring Michal, Saul's daughter, when
thou comest to see my face. And David sent
messengers to Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, saying, Deliver me my wife Michal,
whom I betrothed to me for a hundred foreskins of the Philistines.
And Ish-bosheth sent, and took her from her
husband, even from Paltiel the son of Laish. And
her husband went with her, weeping as he went, and followed her to
Bahurim. Then said Abner unto him, Go, return: and he returned.
And Abner had communication with the elders of
Israel, saying, In times past ye sought for David to be king over you:
now then do it; for Jehovah hath spoken of
David, saying, By the hand of my servant David I will save my people
Israel out of the hand of the Philistines, and out of the hand of all
their enemies. And Abner also spake in the ears
of Benjamin: and Abner went also to speak in the ears of David in Hebron
all that seemed good to Israel, and to the whole house of Benjamin.
So Abner came to David to Hebron, and twenty men
with him. And David made Abner and the men that were with him a feast.
And Abner said unto David, I will arise and go,
and will gather all Israel unto my lord the king, that they may make a
covenant with thee, and that thou mayest reign over all that thy soul
desireth. And David sent Abner away; and he went in peace.
And, behold, the servants of David and Joab came
from a foray, and brought in a great spoil with them: but Abner was not
with David in Hebron; for he had sent him away, and he was gone in peace.
When Joab and all the host that was with him
were come, they told Joab, saying, Abner the son of Ner came to the king,
and he hath sent him away, and he is gone in peace.
Then Joab came to the king, and said, What hast
thou done? behold, Abner came unto thee; why is it that thou hast sent him
away, and he is quite gone? Thou knowest Abner
the son of Ner, that he came to deceive thee, and to know thy going out
and thy coming in, and to know all that thou doest.
And when Joab was come out from David, he sent
messengers after Abner, and they brought him back from the well of Sirah:
but David knew it not.
And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took
him aside into the midst of the gate to speak with him quietly, and smote
him there in the body, so that he died, for the blood of Asahel his
brother. And afterward, when David heard it, he
said, I and my kingdom are guiltless before Jehovah for ever of the blood
of Abner the son of Ner: let it fall upon the
head of Joab, and upon all his father's house; and let there not fail from
the house of Joab one that hath an issue, or that is a leper, or that
leaneth on a staff, or that falleth by the sword, or that lacketh bread.
So Joab and Abishai his brother slew Abner,
because he had killed their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle.
And David said to Joab, and to all the people
that were with him, Rend your clothes, and gird you with sackcloth, and
mourn before Abner. And king David followed the bier.
And they buried Abner in Hebron: and the king
lifted up his voice, and wept at the grave of Abner; and all the people
wept. And the king lamented for Abner, and said,
Should Abner die as a fool dieth?
Thy hands were not bound, nor thy feet put into
As a man falleth before the children of iniquity, so didst thou fall.
And all the people wept again over him. And all
the people came to cause David to eat bread while it was yet day; but
David sware, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if I taste bread, or
aught else, till the sun be down. And all the
people took notice of it, and it pleased them; as whatsoever the king did
pleased all the people. So all the people and
all Israel understood that day that it was not of the king to slay Abner
the son of Ner. And the king said unto his
servants, Know ye not that there is a prince and a great man fallen this
day in Israel? And I am this day weak, though
anointed king; and these men the sons of Zeruiah are too hard for me:
Jehovah reward the evil-doer according to his wickedness.
And when Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, heard
that Abner was dead in Hebron, his hands became feeble, and all the
Israelites were troubled. And Ish-bosheth,
Saul's son, had two men that were captains of bands: the name of
the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon
the Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin (for Beeroth also is reckoned
to Benjamin: and the Beerothites fled to Gittaim,
and have been sojourners there until this day).
Now Jonathan, Saul's son, had a son that was lame
of his feet. He was five years old when the tidings came of Saul and
Jonathan out of Jezreel; and his nurse took him up, and fled: and it came
to pass, as she made haste to flee, that he fell, and became lame. And his
name was Mephibosheth.
And the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and
Baanah, went, and came about the heat of the day to the house of
Ish-bosheth, as he took his rest at noon. And
they came thither into the midst of the house, as though they would have
fetched wheat; and they smote him in the body: and Rechab and Baanah his
brother escaped. Now when they came into the
house, as he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, they smote him, and slew
him, and beheaded him, and took his head, and went by the way of the
Arabah all night. And they brought the head of
Ish-bosheth unto David to Hebron, and said to the king, Behold, the head
of Ish-bosheth, the son of Saul, thine enemy, who sought thy life; and
Jehovah hath avenged my lord the king this day of Saul, and of his seed.
And David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother,
the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said unto them, As Jehovah liveth,
who hath redeemed my soul out of all adversity,
when one told me, saying, Behold, Saul is dead,
thinking to have brought good tidings, I took hold of him, and slew him in
Ziklag, which was the reward I gave him for his tidings.
How much more, when wicked men have slain a
righteous person in his own house upon his bed, shall I not now require
his blood of your hand, and take you away from the earth?
And David commanded his young men, and they slew
them, and cut off their hands and their feet, and hanged them up beside
the pool in Hebron. But they took the head of Ish-bosheth, and buried it
in the grave of Abner in Hebron.
Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto
Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh.
In times past, when Saul was king over us, it was
thou that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and Jehovah said to thee,
Thou will be shepherd of my people Israel, and thou will be prince over
Israel. So all the elders of Israel came to the
king to Hebron; and king David made a covenant with them in Hebron before
Jehovah: and they anointed David king over Israel.
David was thirty years old when he began to
reign, and he reigned forty years. In Hebron he
reigned over Judah seven years and six months; and in Jerusalem he reigned
thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.
And the king and his men went to Jerusalem
against the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, who spake unto David,
saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou will not come
in hither; thinking, David cannot come in hither.
Nevertheless David took the stronghold of Zion;
the same is the city of David. And David said on
that day, Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites, let him get up to the
watercourse, and smite the lame and the blind, that are hated of
David's soul. Wherefore they say, There are the blind and the lame; he
cannot come into the house. And David dwelt in
the stronghold, and called it the city of David. And David built round
about from Millo and inward. And David waxed
greater and greater; for Jehovah, the God of hosts, was with him.
And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David,
and cedar-trees, and carpenters, and masons; and they built David a house.
And David perceived that Jehovah had established
him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people
And David took him more concubines and wives out
of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron; and there were yet sons and
daughters born to David. And these are the names
of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem: Shammua, and Shobab, and
Nathan, and Solomon, and Ibhar, and Elishua, and
Nepheg, and Japhia, and Elishama, and Eliada,
And when the Philistines heard that they had
anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines went up to seek
David; and David heard of it, and went down to the stronghold.
Now the Philistines had come and spread
themselves in the valley of Rephaim. And David
inquired of Jehovah, saying, Shall I go up against the Philistines? wilt
thou deliver them into my hand? And Jehovah said unto David, Go up; for I
will certainly deliver the Philistines into thy hand.
And David came to Baal-perazim, and David smote
them there; and he said, Jehovah hath broken mine enemies before me, like
the breach of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place
Baal-perazim. And they left their images there;
and David and his men took them away.
And the Philistines came up yet again, and
spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. And
when David inquired of Jehovah, he said, Thou will not go up: make a
circuit behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry-trees.
And it shall be, when thou hearest the sound of
marching in the tops of the mulberry-trees, that then thou will bestir
thyself; for then is Jehovah gone out before thee to smite the host of the
Philistines. And David did so, as Jehovah
commanded him, and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to
And David again gathered together all the chosen
men of Israel, thirty thousand. And David arose,
and went with all the people that were with him, from Baale-judah, to
bring up from thence the ark of God, which is called by the Name, even the
name of Jehovah of hosts that sitteth above the cherubim.
And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and
brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in the hill: and Uzzah
and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drove the new cart.
And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab,
which was in the hill, with the ark of God: and Ahio went before the ark.
And David and all the house of Israel played
before Jehovah with all manner of instruments made of fir-wood, and
with harps, and with psalteries, and with timbrels, and with castanets,
and with cymbals.
And when they came to the threshing-floor of
Nacon, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of
it; for the oxen stumbled. And the anger of
Jehovah was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error;
and there he died by the ark of God. And David
was displeased, because Jehovah had broken forth upon Uzzah; and he called
that place Perez-uzzah, unto this day. And David
was afraid of Jehovah that day; and he said, How shall the ark of Jehovah
come unto me? So David would not remove the ark
of Jehovah unto him into the city of David; but David carried it aside
into the house of Obed-edom the Gittite. And the
ark of Jehovah remained in the house of Obed-edom the Gittite three
months: and Jehovah blessed Obed-edom, and all his house.
And it was told king David, saying, Jehovah hath
blessed the house of Obed-edom, and all that pertaineth unto him, because
of the ark of God. And David went and brought up the ark of God from the
house of Obed-edom into the city of David with joy.
And it was so, that, when they that bare the ark
of Jehovah had gone six paces, he sacrificed an ox and a fatling.
And David danced before Jehovah with all his
might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.
So David and all the house of Israel brought up
the ark of Jehovah with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.
And it was so, as the ark of Jehovah came into
the city of David, that Michal the daughter of Saul looked out at the
window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before Jehovah; and she
despised him in her heart. And they brought in
the ark of Jehovah, and set it in its place, in the midst of the tent that
David had pitched for it; and David offered burnt-offerings and
peace-offerings before Jehovah. And when David
had made an end of offering the burnt-offering and the peace-offerings, he
blessed the people in the name of Jehovah of hosts.
And he dealt among all the people, even among
the whole multitude of Israel, both to men and women, to every one a cake
of bread, and a portion of flesh, and a cake of raisins. So all the
people departed every one to his house.
Then David returned to bless his household. And
Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious
was the king of Israel to-day, who uncovered himself to-day in the eyes of
the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly
uncovereth himself! And David said unto Michal,
It was before Jehovah, who chose me above thy father, and above all
his house, to appoint me prince over the people of Jehovah, over Israel:
therefore will I play before Jehovah. And I will
be yet more vile than this, and will be base in mine own sight: but of the
handmaids of whom thou hast spoken, of them shall I be had in honor.
And Michal the daughter of Saul had no child
unto the day of her death.
And it came to pass, when the king dwelt in his
house, and Jehovah had given him rest from all his enemies round about,
that the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See
now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within
curtains. And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all
that is in thy heart; for Jehovah is with thee.
And it came to pass the same night, that the word
of Jehovah came unto Nathan, saying, Go and tell
my servant David, Thus says Jehovah, will thou build me a house for me
to dwell in? for I have not dwelt in a house
since the day that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even
to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.
In all places wherein I have walked with all the
children of Israel, spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom
I commanded to be shepherd of my people Israel, saying, Why have ye not
built me a house of cedar? Now therefore thus
will thou say unto my servant David, Thus says Jehovah of hosts, I took
thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, that thou shouldest be
prince over my people, over Israel; and I have
been with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine
enemies from before thee; and I will make thee a great name, like unto the
name of the great ones that are in the earth.
And I will appoint a place for my people Israel,
and will plant them, that they may dwell in their own place, and be moved
no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more,
as at the first, and as from the day that
I commanded judges to be over my people Israel; and I will cause thee to
rest from all thine enemies. Moreover Jehovah telleth thee that Jehovah
will make thee a house. When thy days are
fulfilled, and thou will sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed
after thee, that shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his
kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and
I will establish the throne of his kingdom for ever.
I will be his father, and he shall be my son: if
he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the
stripes of the children of men; but my
lovingkindness shall not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I
put away before thee. And thy house and thy
kingdom shall be made sure for ever before thee: thy throne shall be
established for ever. According to all these
words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.
Then David the king went in, and sat before
Jehovah; and he said, Who am I, O Lord Jehovah, and what is my house, that
thou hast brought me thus far? And this was yet
a small thing in thine eyes, O Lord Jehovah; but thou hast spoken also of
thy servant's house for a great while to come; and this too after
the manner of men, O Lord Jehovah! And what can
David say more unto thee? for thou knowest thy servant, O Lord Jehovah.
For thy word's sake, and according to thine own
heart, hast thou wrought all this greatness, to make thy servant know it.
Wherefore thou art great, O Jehovah God: for
there is none like thee, neither is there any God besides thee, according
to all that we have heard with our ears. And
what one nation in the earth is like thy people, even like Israel, whom
God went to redeem unto himself for a people, and to make him a name, and
to do great things for you, and terrible things for thy land, before thy
people, whom thou redeemest to thee out of Egypt, from the nations
and their gods? And thou didst establish to
thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever; and thou,
Jehovah, becamest their God. And now, O Jehovah
God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning
his house, confirm thou it for ever, and do as thou hast spoken.
And let thy name be magnified for ever, saying,
Jehovah of hosts is God over Israel; and the house of thy servant David
shall be established before thee. For thou, O
Jehovah of hosts, the God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying,
I will build thee a house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart
to pray this prayer unto thee. And now, O Lord
Jehovah, thou art God, and thy words are truth, and thou hast promised
this good thing unto thy servant: now therefore
let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue
for ever before thee; for thou, O Lord Jehovah, hast spoken it: and with
thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever.
And after this it came to pass, that David smote
the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took the bridle of the mother
city out of the hand of the Philistines.
And he smote Moab, and measured them with the
line, making them to lie down on the ground; and he measured two lines to
put to death, and one full line to keep alive. And the Moabites became
servants to David, and brought tribute.
David smote also Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king
of Zobah, as he went to recover his dominion at the River.
And David took from him a thousand and seven
hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: and David hocked all the
chariot horses, but reserved of them for a hundred chariots.
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succor
Hadadezer king of Zobah, David smote of the Syrians two and twenty
thousand men. Then David put garrisons in Syria
of Damascus; and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought
tribute. And Jehovah gave victory to David whithersoever he went.
And David took the shields of gold that were on
the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.
And from Betah and from Berothai, cities of
Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.
And when Toi king of Hamath heard that David had
smitten all the host of Hadadezer, then Toi sent
Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he
had fought against Hadadezer and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with
Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of
gold, and vessels of brass: These also did king
David dedicate unto Jehovah, with the silver and gold that he dedicated of
all the nations which he subdued; of Syria, and
of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of
Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
And David gat him a name when he returned from
smiting the Syrians in the Valley of Salt, even eighteen thousand men.
And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all
Edom put he garrisons, and all the Edomites became servants to David. And
Jehovah gave victory to David whithersoever he went.
And David reigned over all Israel; and David
executed justice and righteousness unto all his people.
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host;
and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;
and Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the
son of Abiathar, were priests; and Seraiah was scribe;
and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over
the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief ministers.
And David said, Is there yet any that is left of
the house of Saul, that I may show him kindness for Jonathan's sake?
And there was of the house of Saul a servant
whose name was Ziba, and they called him unto David; and the king said
unto him, Art thou Ziba? And he said, Thy servant is he.
And the king said, Is there not yet any of the
house of Saul, that I may show the kindness of God unto him? And Ziba said
unto the king, Jonathan hath yet a son, who is lame of his feet.
And the king said unto him, Where is he? And Ziba
said unto the king, Behold, he is in the house of Machir the son of
Ammiel, in Lo-debar. Then king David sent, and
fetched him out of the house of Machir the son of Ammiel, from Lo-debar.
And Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of
Saul, came unto David, and fell on his face, and did obeisance. And David
said, Mephibosheth. And he answered, Behold, thy servant!
And David said unto him, Fear not; for I will
surely show thee kindness for Jonathan thy father's sake, and will restore
thee all the land of Saul thy father; and thou will eat bread at my table
continually. And he did obeisance, and said, What
is thy servant, that thou shouldest look upon such a dead dog as I am?
Then the king called to Ziba, Saul's servant, and
said unto him, All that pertained to Saul and to all his house have I
given unto thy master's son. And thou will till
the land for him, thou, and thy sons, and thy servants; and thou will
bring in the fruits, that thy master's son may have bread to eat:
but Mephibosheth thy master's son shall eat bread alway at my table. Now
Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants. Then
said Ziba unto the king, According to all that my lord the king commandeth
his servant, so shall thy servant do. As for Mephibosheth, said the
king, he shall eat at my table, as one of the king's sons.
And Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was
Mica. And all that dwelt in the house of Ziba were servants unto
Mephibosheth. So Mephibosheth dwelt in
Jerusalem; for he did eat continually at the king's table. And he was lame
in both his feet.
And it came to pass after this, that the king of
the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead.
And David said, I will show kindness unto Hanun
the son of Nahash, as his father showed kindness unto me. So David sent by
his servants to comfort him concerning his father. And David's servants
came into the land of the children of Ammon. But
the princes of the children of Ammon said unto Hanun their lord, Thinkest
thou that David doth honor thy father, in that he hath sent comforters
unto thee? hath not David sent his servants unto thee to search the city,
and to spy it out, and to overthrow it? So Hanun
took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and
cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent
them away. When they told it unto David, he sent
to meet them; for the men were greatly ashamed. And the king said, Tarry
at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.
And when the children of Ammon saw that they
were become odious to David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the
Syrians of Beth-rehob, and the Syrians of Zobah, twenty thousand footmen,
and the king of Maacah with a thousand men, and the men of Tob twelve
thousand men. And when David heard of it, he
sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men.
And the children of Ammon came out, and put the
battle in array at the entrance of the gate: and the Syrians of Zobah and
of Rehob, and the men of Tob and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.
Now when Joab saw that the battle was set
against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel,
and put them in array against the Syrians: And
the rest of the people he committed into the hand of Abishai his brother;
and he put them in array against the children of Ammon.
And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for
me, then thou will help me; but if the children of Ammon be too strong
for thee, then I will come and help thee. Be of
good courage, and let us play the man for our people, and for the cities
of our God: and Jehovah do that which seemeth him good.
So Joab and the people that were with him drew
nigh unto the battle against the Syrians: and they fled before him.
And when the children of Ammon saw that the
Syrians were fled, they likewise fled before Abishai, and entered into the
city. Then Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.
And when the Syrians saw that they were put to
the worse before Israel, they gathered themselves together.
And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians
that were beyond the River: and they came to Helam, with Shobach the
captain of the host of Hadarezer at their head.
And it was told David; and he gathered all
Israel together, and passed over the Jordan, and came to Helam. And the
Syrians set themselves in array against David, and fought with him.
And the Syrians fled before Israel; and David
slew of the Syrians the men of seven hundred chariots, and forty
thousand horsemen, and smote Shobach the captain of their host, so that he
died there. And when all the kings that were
servants to Hadarezer saw that they were put to the worse before Israel,
they made peace with Israel, and served them. So the Syrians feared to
help the children of Ammon any more.
And it came to pass, at the return of the year,
at the time when kings go out to battle, that David sent Joab, and
his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children of
Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried at Jerusalem.
And it came to pass at eventide, that David
arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and
from the roof he saw a woman bathing; and the woman was very beautiful to
look upon. And David send and inquired after the
woman. And one said, Is not this Bath-sheba, the daughter of Eliam, the
wife of Uriah the Hittite? And David sent
messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her
(for she was purified from her uncleanness); and she returned unto her
house. And the woman conceived; and she sent and
told David, and said, I am with child.
And David sent to Joab, saying, Send me
Uriah the Hittite. And Joab sent Uriah to David.
And when Uriah was come unto him, David asked of
him how Joab did, and how the people fared, and how the war prospered.
And David said to Uriah, Go down to thy house,
and wash thy feet. And Uriah departed out of the king's house, and there
followed him a mess of food from the king.
But Uriah slept at the door of the king's house
with all the servants of his lord, and went not down to his house.
And when they had told David, saying, Uriah
went not down unto his house, David said unto Uriah, Art thou not come
from a journey? wherefore didst thou not go down unto thy house?
And Uriah said unto David, The ark, and Israel,
and Judah, abide in booths; and my lord Joab, and the servants of my lord,
are encamped in the open field; shall I then go into my house, to eat and
to drink, and to lie with my wife? as thou livest, and as thy soul liveth,
I will not do this thing. And David said to
Uriah, Tarry here to-day also, and to-morrow I will let thee depart. So
Uriah abode in Jerusalem that day, and the morrow.
And when David had called him, he did eat and
drink before him; and he made him drunk: and at even he went out to lie on
his bed with the servants of his lord, but went not down to his house.
And it came to pass in the morning, that David
wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.
And he wrote in the letter, saying, Set ye
Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that
he may be smitten, and die. And it came to
pass, when Joab kept watch upon the city, that he assigned Uriah unto the
place where he knew that valiant men were. And
the men of the city went out, and fought with Joab: and there fell some of
the people, even of the servants of David; and Uriah the Hittite died
also. Then Joab sent and told David all the
things concerning the war; and he charged the
messenger, saying, When thou hast made an end of telling all the things
concerning the war unto the king, it shall be
that, if the king's wrath arise, and he say unto thee, Wherefore went ye
so nigh unto the city to fight? knew ye not that they would shoot from the
wall? who smote Abimelech the son of
Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast an upper millstone upon him from the
wall, so that he died at Thebez? why went ye so nigh the wall? then will
thou say, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.
So the messenger went, and came and showed
David all that Joab had sent him for. And the
messenger said unto David, The men prevailed against us, and came out unto
us into the field, and we were upon them even unto the entrance of the
gate. And the shooters shot at thy servants
from off the wall; and some of the king's servants are dead, and thy
servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also. Then
David said unto the messenger, Thus will thou say unto Joab, Let not this
thing displease thee, for the sword devoureth one as well as another; make
thy battle more strong against the city, and overthrow it: and encourage
And when the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her
husband was dead, she made lamentation for her husband.
And when the mourning was past, David sent and
took her home to his house, and she became his wife, and bare him a son.
But the thing that David had done displeased Jehovah.
And Jehovah sent Nathan unto David. And he came
unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one rich,
and the other poor. The rich man had exceeding
many flocks and herds; but the poor man had
nothing, save one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and nourished up:
and it grew up together with him, and with his children; it did eat of his
own morsel, and drank of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was unto
him as a daughter. And there came a traveller
unto the rich man, and he spared to take of his own flock and of his own
herd, to dress for the wayfaring man that was come unto him, but took the
poor man's lamb, and dressed it for the man that was come to him.
And David's anger was greatly kindled against
the man; and he said to Nathan, As Jehovah liveth, the man that hath done
this is worthy to die: and he shall restore the
lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.
And Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. Thus
says Jehovah, the God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I
delivered thee out of the hand of Saul; and I
gave thee thy master's house, and thy master's wives into thy bosom, and
gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that had been too
little, I would have added unto thee such and such things.
Wherefore hast thou despised the word of
Jehovah, to do that which is evil in his sight? thou hast smitten Uriah
the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and
hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.
Now therefore the sword shall never depart from
thy house, because thou hast despised me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah
the Hittite to be thy wife. Thus says Jehovah,
Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house; and I
will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give them unto thy neighbor,
and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun.
For thou didst it secretly: but I will do this
thing before all Israel, and before the sun.
And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned
against Jehovah. And Nathan said unto David, Jehovah also hath put away
thy sin; thou will not die. Howbeit, because
by this deed thou hast given great occasion to the enemies of Jehovah to
blaspheme, the child also that is born unto thee shall surely die.
And Nathan departed unto his house.
And Jehovah struck the child that Uriah's wife bare unto David, and it was
very sick. David therefore besought God for the
child; and David fasted, and went in, and lay all night upon the earth.
And the elders of his house arose, and
stood beside him, to raise him up from the earth: but he would not,
neither did he eat bread with them. And it came
to pass on the seventh day, that the child died. And the servants of David
feared to tell him that the child was dead; for they said, Behold, while
the child was yet alive, we spake unto him, and he hearkened not unto our
voice: how will he then vex himself, if we tell him that the child is
dead! But when David saw that his servants were
whispering together, David perceived that the child was dead; and David
said unto his servants, Is the child dead? And they said, He is dead.
Then David arose from the earth, and washed,
and anointed himself, and changed his apparel; and he came into the house
of Jehovah, and worshipped: then he came to his own house; and when he
required, they set bread before him, and he did eat.
Then said his servants unto him, What thing is
this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and weep for the child, while it
was alive; but when the child was dead, thou didst rise and eat bread.
And he said, While the child was yet alive, I
fasted and wept: for I said, Who knoweth whether Jehovah will not be
gracious to me, that the child may live? But
now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I
shall go to him, but he will not return to me.
And David comforted Bath-sheba his wife, and
went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and he called his
name Solomon. And Jehovah loved him; and he
sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he called his name Jedidiah,
for Jehovah's sake.
Now Joab fought against Rabbah of the children
of Ammon, and took the royal city. And Joab
sent messengers to David, and said, I have fought against Rabbah; yea, I
have taken the city of waters. Now therefore
gather the rest of the people together, and encamp against the city, and
take it; lest I take the city, and it be called after my name.
And David gathered all the people together, and
went to Rabbah, and fought against it, and took it.
And he took the crown of their king from off
his head; and the weight thereof was a talent of gold, and in it
were precious stones; and it was set on David's head. And he brought
forth the spoil of the city, exceeding much.
And he brought forth the people that were
therein, and put them under saws, and under harrows of iron, and under
axes of iron, and made them pass through the brickkiln: and thus did he
unto all the cities of the children of Ammon. And David and all the people
returned unto Jerusalem.
And it came to pass after this, that Absalom the
son of David had a fair sister, whose name was Tamar; and Amnon the son of
David loved her. And Amnon was so vexed that he
fell sick because of his sister Tamar; for she was a virgin; and it seemed
hard to Amnon to do anything unto her. But Amnon
had a friend, whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah, David's brother;
and Jonadab was a very subtle man. And he said
unto him, Why, O son of the king, art thou thus lean from day to day? wilt
thou not tell me? And Amnon said unto him, I love Tamar, my brother
Absalom's sister. And Jonadab said unto him, Lay
thee down on thy bed, and feign thyself sick: and when thy father cometh
to see thee, say unto him, Let my sister Tamar come, I pray thee, and give
me bread to eat, and dress the food in my sight, that I may see it, and
eat it from her hand. So Amnon lay down, and
feigned himself sick: and when the king was come to see him, Amnon said
unto the king, Let her sister Tamar come, I pray thee, and make me a
couple of cakes in my sight, that I may eat from her hand.
Then David sent home to Tamar, saying, Go now to
thy brother Amnon's house, and dress him food.
So Tamar went to her brother Amnon's house; and
he was laid down. And she took dough, and kneaded it, and made cakes in
his sight, and did bake the cakes. And she took
the pan, and poured them out before him; but he refused to eat. And Amnon
said, Have out all men from me. And they went out every man from him.
And Amnon said unto Tamar, Bring the food into
the chamber, that I may eat from thy hand. And Tamar took the cakes which
she had made, and brought them into the chamber to Amnon her brother.
And when she had brought them near unto him to
eat, he took hold of her, and said unto her, Come, lie with me, my sister.
And she answered him, Nay, my brother, do not
force me; for no such thing ought to be done in Israel: do not thou this
folly. And I, whither shall I carry my shame?
and as for thee, thou wilt be as one of the fools in Israel. Now
therefore, I pray thee, speak unto the king; for he will not withhold me
from thee. Howbeit he would not hearken unto
her voice; but being stronger than she, he forced her, and lay with her.
Then Amnon hated her with exceeding great
hatred; for the hatred wherewith he hated her was greater than the love
wherewith he had loved her. And Amnon said unto her, Arise, be gone.
And she said unto him, Not so, because this
great wrong in putting me forth is worse than the other that thou
didst unto me. But he would not hearken unto her.
Then he called his servant that ministered unto
him, and said, Put now this woman out from me, and bolt the door after
her. And she had a garment of divers colors
upon her; for with such robes were the king's daughters that were virgins
apparelled. Then his servant brought her out, and bolted the door after
her. And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent
her garment of divers colors that was on her; and she laid her hand on her
head, and went her way, crying aloud as she went.
And Absalom her brother said unto her, Hath
Amnon thy brother been with thee? but now hold thy peace, my sister: he is
thy brother; take not this thing to heart. So Tamar remained desolate in
her brother Absalom's house. But when king
David heard of all these things, he was very wroth.
And Absalom spake unto Amnon neither good nor
bad; for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar.
And it came to pass after two full years, that
Absalom had sheep-shearers in Baal-hazor, which is beside Ephraim: and
Absalom invited all the king's sons. And
Absalom came to the king, and said, Behold now, thy servant hath
sheep-shearers; let the king, I pray thee, and his servants go with thy
servant. And the king said to Absalom, Nay, my
son, let us not all go, lest we be burdensome unto thee. And he pressed
him: howbeit he would not go, but blessed him.
Then said Absalom, If not, I pray thee, let my
brother Amnon go with us. And the king said unto him, Why should he go
with thee? But Absalom pressed him, and he let
Amnon and all the king's sons go with him. And
Absalom commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now, when Amnon's heart is
merry with wine; and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon, then kill him; fear
not; have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant.
And the servants of Absalom did unto Amnon as
Absalom had commanded. Then all the king's sons arose, and every man gat
him up upon his mule, and fled.
And it came to pass, while they were in the
way, that the tidings came to David, saying, Absalom hath slain all the
king's sons, and there is not one of them left.
Then the king arose, and rent his garments, and
lay on the earth; and all his servants stood by with their clothes rent.
And Jonadab, the son of Shimeah, David's
brother, answered and said, Let not my lord suppose that they have killed
all the young men the king's sons; for Amnon only is dead; for by the
appointment of Absalom this hath been determined from the day that he
forced his sister Tamar. Now therefore let not
my lord the king take the thing to his heart, to think that all the king's
sons are dead; for Amnon only is dead.
But Absalom fled. And the young man that kept
the watch lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came much
people by the way of the hill-side behind him.
And Jonadab said unto the king, Behold, the
king's sons are come: as thy servant said, so it is.
And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an
end of speaking, that, behold, the king's sons came, and lifted up their
voice, and wept: and the king also and all his servants wept very sore.
But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai the son of
Ammihur, king of Geshur. And David mourned for his son every day.
So Absalom fled, and went to Geshur, and was
there three years. And the soul of king
David longed to go forth unto Absalom: for he was comforted concerning
Amnon, seeing he was dead.
Now Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the
king's heart was toward Absalom. And Joab sent
to Tekoa, and fetched thence a wise woman, and said unto her, I pray thee,
feign thyself to be a mourner, and put on mourning apparel, I pray thee,
and anoint not thyself with oil, but be as a woman that hath a long time
mourned for the dead: and go in to the king, and
speak on this manner unto him. So Joab put the words in her mouth.
And when the woman of Tekoa spake to the king,
she fell on her face to the ground, and did obeisance, and said, Help, O
king. And the king said unto her, What aileth
thee? And she answered, Of a truth I am a widow, and my husband is dead.
And thy handmaid had two sons, and they two
strove together in the field, and there was none to part them, but the one
smote the other, and killed him. And, behold,
the whole family is risen against thy handmaid, and they say, Deliver him
that smote his brother, that we may kill him for the life of his brother
whom he slew, and so destroy the heir also. Thus will they quench my coal
which is left, and will leave to my husband neither name nor remainder
upon the face of the earth.
And the king said unto the woman, Go to thy
house, and I will give charge concerning thee.
And the woman of Tekoa said unto the king, My
lord, O king, the iniquity be on me, and on my father's house; and the
king and his throne be guiltless. And the king
said, Whosoever says aught unto thee, bring him to me, and he shall not
touch thee any more. Then said she, I pray
thee, let the king remember Jehovah thy God, that the avenger of blood
destroy not any more, lest they destroy my son. And he said, As Jehovah
liveth, there shall not one hair of thy son fall to the earth.
Then the woman said, Let thy handmaid, I pray
thee, speak a word unto my lord the king. And he said, Say on.
And the woman said, Wherefore then hast thou
devised such a thing against the people of God? for in speaking this word
the king is as one that is guilty, in that the king doth not fetch home
again his banished one. For we must needs die,
and are as water split on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again;
neither doth God take away life, but deviseth means, that he that is
banished be not an outcast from him. Now
therefore seeing that I am come to speak this word unto my lord the king,
it is because the people have made me afraid: and thy handmaid said, I
will now speak unto the king; it may be that the king will perform the
request of his servant. For the king will hear,
to deliver his servant out of the hand of the man that would destroy me
and my son together out of the inheritance of God.
Then thy handmaid said, Let, I pray thee, the
word of my lord the king be comfortable; for as an angel of God, so is my
lord the king to discern good and bad: and Jehovah thy God be with thee.
Then the king answered and said unto the woman,
Hide not from me, I pray thee, aught that I shall ask thee. And the woman
said, Let my lord the king now speak. And the
king said, Is the hand of Joab with thee in all this? And the woman
answered and said, As thy soul liveth, my lord the king, none can turn to
the right hand or to the left from aught that my lord the king hath
spoken; for thy servant Joab, he bade me, and he put all these words in
the mouth of thy handmaid; to change the face
of the matter hath thy servant Joab done this thing: and my lord is wise,
according to the wisdom of an angel of God, to know all things that are in
And the king said unto Joab, Behold now, I have
done this thing: go therefore, bring the young man Absalom back.
And Joab fell to the ground on his face, and
did obeisance, and blessed the king: and Joab said, To-day thy servant
knoweth that I have found favor in thy sight, my lord, O king, in that the
king hath performed the request of his servant.
So Joab arose and went to Geshur, and brought
Absalom to Jerusalem. And the king said, Let
him turn to his own house, but let him not see my face. So Absalom turned
to his own house, and saw not the king's face.
Now in all Israel there was none to be so much
praised as Absalom for his beauty: from the sole of his foot even to the
crown of his head there was no blemish in him.
And when he cut the hair of his head (now it
was at every year's end that he cut it; because it was heavy on him,
therefore he cut it); he weighed the hair of his head at two hundred
shekels, after the king's weight. And unto
Absalom there were born three sons, and one daughter, whose name was
Tamar: she was a woman of a fair countenance.
And Absalom dwelt two full years in Jerusalem;
and he saw not the king's face. Then Absalom
sent for Joab, to send him to the king; but he would not come to him: and
he sent again a second time, but he would not come.
Therefore he said unto his servants, See,
Joab's field is near mine, and he hath barley there; go and set it on
fire. And Absalom's servants set the field on fire.
Then Joab arose, and came to Absalom unto his
house, and said unto him, Wherefore have thy servants set my field on
fire? And Absalom answered Joab, Behold, I sent
unto thee, saying, Come hither, that I may send thee to the king, to say,
Wherefore am I come from Geshur? it were better for me to be there still.
Now therefore let me see the king's face; and if there be iniquity in me,
let him kill me. So Joab came to the king, and
told him; and when he had called for Absalom, he came to the king, and
bowed himself on his face to the ground before the king: and the king
And it came to pass after this, that Absalom
prepared him a chariot and horses, and fifty men to run before him.
And Absalom rose up early, and stood beside the
way of the gate: and it was so, that, when any man had a suit which should
come to the king for judgment, then Absalom called unto him, and said, Of
what city art thou? And he said, Thy servant is of one of the tribes of
Israel. And Absalom said unto him, See, thy
matters are good and right; but there is no man deputed of the king to
hear thee. Absalom said moreover, Oh that I were
made judge in the land, that every man who hath any suit or cause might
come unto me, and I would do him justice! And it
was so, that, when any man came nigh to do him obeisance, he put forth his
hand, and took hold of him, and kissed him. And
on this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for
judgment: so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel.
And it came to pass at the end of forty years,
that Absalom said unto the king, I pray thee, let me go and pay my vow,
which I have vowed unto Jehovah, in Hebron. For
thy servant vowed a vow while I abode at Geshur in Syria, saying, If
Jehovah shall indeed bring me again to Jerusalem, then I will serve
Jehovah. And the king said unto him, Go in
peace. So he arose, and went to Hebron. But
Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, As soon as
ye hear the sound of the trumpet, then ye shall say, Absalom is king in
Hebron. And with Absalom went two hundred men
out of Jerusalem, that were invited, and went in their simplicity; and
they knew not anything. And Absalom sent for
Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, even from
Giloh, while he was offering the sacrifices. And the conspiracy was
strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.
And there came a messenger to David, saying,
The hearts of the men of Israel are after Absalom.
And David said unto all his servants that were
with him at Jerusalem, Arise, and let us flee; for else none of us shall
escape from Absalom: make speed to depart, lest he overtake us quickly,
and bring down evil upon us, and smite the city with the edge of the
sword. And the king's servants said unto the
king, Behold, thy servants are ready to do whatsoever my lord the king
shall choose. And the king went forth, and all
his household after him. And the king left ten women, that were
concubines, to keep the house. And the king
went forth, and all the people after him; and they tarried in Beth-merhak.
And all his servants passed on beside him; and
all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six
hundred men that came after him from Gath, passed on before the king.
Then said the king to Ittai the Gittite,
Wherefore goest thou also with us? return, and abide with the king: for
thou art a foreigner, and also an exile; return to thine own place.
Whereas thou camest but yesterday, should I
this day make thee go up and down with us, seeing I go whither I may?
return thou, and take back thy brethren; mercy and truth be with thee.
And Ittai answered the king, and said, As
Jehovah liveth, and as my lord the king liveth, surely in what place my
lord the king shall be, whether for death or for life, even there also
will thy servant be. And David said to Ittai,
Go and pass over. And Ittai the Gittite passed over, and all his men, and
all the little ones that were with him. And all
the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over: the
king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people passed
over, toward the way of the wilderness.
And, lo, Zadok also came, and all the
Levites with him, bearing the ark of the covenant of God; and they set
down the ark of God; and Abiathar went up, until all the people had done
passing out of the city. And the king said unto
Zadok, Carry back the ark of God into the city: if I shall find favor in
the eyes of Jehovah, he will bring me again, and show me both it, and his
habitation: but if he say thus, I have no
delight in thee; behold, here am I, let him do to me as seemeth good unto
him. The king said also unto Zadok the priest,
Art thou not a seer? return into the city in peace, and your two
sons with you, Ahimaaz thy son, and Jonathan the son of Abiathar.
See, I will tarry at the fords of the
wilderness, until there come word from you to certify me.
Zadok therefore and Abiathar carried the ark of
God again to Jerusalem: and they abode there.
And David went up by the ascent of the mount
of Olives, and wept as he went up; and he had his head covered, and
went barefoot: and all the people that were with him covered every man his
head, and they went up, weeping as they went up.
And one told David, saying, Ahithophel is among
the conspirators with Absalom. And David said, O Jehovah, I pray thee,
turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness.
And it came to pass, that, when David was come
to the top of the ascent, where God was worshipped, behold, Hushai
the Archite came to meet him with his coat rent, and earth upon his head.
And David said unto him, If thou passest on
with me, then thou wilt be a burden unto me:
but if thou return to the city, and say unto
Absalom, I will be thy servant, O king; as I have been thy father's
servant in time past, so will I now be thy servant; then wilt thou defeat
for me the counsel of Ahithophel. And hast thou
not there with thee Zadok and Abiathar the priests? therefore it shall be,
that what thing soever thou will hear out of the king's house, thou will
tell it to Zadok and Abiathar the priests.
Behold, they have there with them their two
sons, Ahimaaz, Zadok's son, and Jonathan, Abiathar's son; and by them ye
shall send unto me everything that ye shall hear.
So Hushai, David's friend, came into the city;
and Absalom came into Jerusalem.
And when David was a little past the top of
the ascent, behold, Ziba the servant of Mephibosheth met him, with a
couple of asses saddled, and upon them two hundred loaves of bread, and a
hundred clusters of raisins, and a hundred of summer fruits, and a bottle
of wine. And the king said unto Ziba, What
meanest thou by these? And Ziba said, The asses are for the king's
household to ride on; and the bread and summer fruit for the young men to
eat; and the wine, that such as are faint in the wilderness may drink.
And the king said, And where is thy master's
son? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he abideth at Jerusalem; for he
said, To-day will the house of Israel restore me the kingdom of my father.
Then said the king to Ziba, Behold, thine is all
that pertaineth unto Mephibosheth. And Ziba said, I do obeisance; let me
find favor in thy sight, my lord, O king.
And when king David came to Bahurim, behold,
there came out thence a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name
was Shimei, the son of Gera; he came out, and cursed still as he came.
And he cast stones at David, and at all the
servants of king David: and all the people and all the mighty men were on
his right hand and on his left. And thus said
Shimei when he cursed, Begone, begone, thou man of blood, and base fellow:
Jehovah hath returned upon thee all the blood of
the house of Saul, in whose stead thou hast reigned; and Jehovah hath
delivered the kingdom into the hand of Absalom thy son; and, behold, thou
art taken in thine own mischief, because thou art a man of blood.
Then said Abishai the son of Zeruiah unto the
king, Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? let me go over, I
pray thee, and take off his head. And the king
said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah? Because he curseth,
and because Jehovah hath said unto him, Curse David; who then shall say,
Wherefore hast thou done so? And David said to
Abishai, and to all his servants, Behold, my son, who came forth from my
bowels, seeketh my life: how much more may this Benjamite now do
it? let him alone, and let him curse; for Jehovah hath bidden him.
It may be that Jehovah will look on the wrong
done unto me, and that Jehovah will requite me good for his cursing
of me this day. So David and his men went by
the way; and Shimei went along on the hill-side over against him, and
cursed as he went, and threw stones at him, and cast dust.
And the king, and all the people that were with
him, came weary; and he refreshed himself there.
And Absalom, and all the people, the men of
Israel, came to Jerusalem, and Ahithophel with him.
And it came to pass, when Hushai the Archite,
David's friend, was come unto Absalom, that Hushai said unto Absalom,
Long live the king, Long live the king.
And Absalom said to Hushai, Is this thy
kindness to thy friend? why wentest thou not with thy friend?
And Hushai said unto Absalom, Nay; but whom
Jehovah, and this people, and all the men of Israel have chosen, his will
I be, and with him will I abide. And again,
whom should I serve? should I not serve in the presence of
his son? as I have served in thy father's presence, so will I be in thy
Then said Absalom to Ahithophel, Give your
counsel what we shall do. And Ahithophel said
unto Absalom, Go in unto thy father's concubines, that he hath left to
keep the house; and all Israel will hear that thou art abhorred of thy
father: then will the hands of all that are with thee be strong.
So they spread Absalom a tent upon the top of
the house; and Absalom went in unto his father's concubines in the sight
of all Israel. And the counsel of Ahithophel,
which he gave in those days, was as if a man inquired at the oracle of
God: so was all the counsel of Ahithophel both with David and with Absalom.
Moreover Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Let me
now choose out twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue after
David this night: and I will come upon him while
he is weary and weak-handed, and will make him afraid; and all the people
that are with him shall flee; and I will smite the king only;
and I will bring back all the people unto thee:
the man whom thou seekest is as if all returned: so all the people
shall be in peace. And the saying pleased
Absalom well, and all the elders of Israel.
Then said Absalom, Call now Hushai the Archite
also, and let us hear likewise what he says.
And when Hushai was come to Absalom, Absalom
spake unto him, saying, Ahithophel hath spoken after this manner: shall we
do after his saying? if not, speak thou.
And Hushai said unto Absalom, The counsel that
Ahithophel hath given this time is not good.
Hushai said moreover, Thou knowest thy father
and his men, that they are mighty men, and they are chafed in their minds,
as a bear robbed of her whelps in the field; and thy father is a man of
war, and will not lodge with the people. Behold,
he is hid now in some pit, or in some other place: and it will come
to pass, when some of them are fallen at the first, that whosoever heareth
it will say, There is a slaughter among the people that follow Absalom.
And even he that is valiant, whose heart is as
the heart of a lion, will utterly melt; for all Israel knoweth that thy
father is a mighty man, and they that are with him are valiant men.
But I counsel that all Israel be gathered
together unto thee, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, as the sand that is by
the sea for multitude; and that thou go to battle in thine own person.
So shall we come upon him in some place where
he shall be found, and we will light upon him as the dew falleth on the
ground; and of him and of all the men that are with him we will not leave
so much as one. Moreover, if he be gotten into
a city, then shall all Israel bring ropes to that city, and we will draw
it into the river, until there be not one small stone found there.
And Absalom and all the men of Israel said, The
counsel of Hushai the Archite is better than the counsel of Ahithophel.
For Jehovah had ordained to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel, to the
intent that Jehovah might bring evil upon Absalom.
Then said Hushai unto Zadok and to Abiathar the
priests, Thus and thus did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of
Israel; and thus and thus have I counselled.
Now therefore send quickly, and tell David,
saying, Lodge not this night at the fords of the wilderness, but by all
means pass over; lest the king be swallowed up, and all the people that
are with him. Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz were
staying by En-rogel; and a maid-servant used to go and tell them; and they
went and told king David: for they might not be seen to come into the
city. But a lad saw them, and told Absalom: and
they went both of them away quickly, and came to the house of a man in
Bahurim, who had a well in his court; and they went down thither.
And the woman took and spread the covering over
the well's mouth, and strewed bruised grain thereon; and nothing was
known. And Absalom's servants came to the woman
to the house; and they said, Where are Ahimaaz and Jonathan? And the woman
said unto them, They are gone over the brook of water. And when they had
sought and could not find them, they returned to Jerusalem.
And it came to pass, after they were departed,
that they came up out of the well, and went and told king David; and they
said unto David, Arise ye, and pass quickly over the water; for thus hath
Ahithophel counselled against you. Then David
arose, and all the people that were with him, and they passed over the
Jordan: by the morning light there lacked not one of them that was not
gone over the Jordan. And when Ahithophel saw
that his counsel was not followed, he saddled his ass, and arose, and gat
him home, unto his city, and set his house in order, and hanged himself;
and he died, and was buried in the sepulchre of his father.
Then David came to Mahanaim. And Absalom passed
over the Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him.
And Absalom set Amasa over the host instead of
Joab. Now Amasa was the son of a man, whose name was Ithra the Israelite,
that went in to Abigal the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah, Joab's
mother. And Israel and Absalom encamped in the
land of Gilead.
And it came to pass, when David was come to
Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon,
and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of
Rogelim, brought beds, and basins, and earthen
vessels, and wheat, and barley, and meal, and parched grain, and
beans, and lentils, and parched pulse,
and honey, and butter, and sheep, and cheese of
the herd, for David, and for the people that were with him, to eat: for
they said, The people are hungry, and weary, and thirsty, in the
And David numbered the people that were with
him, and set captains of thousands and captains of hundreds over them.
And David sent forth the people, a third part
under the hand of Joab, and a third part under the hand of Abishai the son
of Zeruiah, Joab's brother, and a third part under the hand of Ittai the
Gittite. And the king said unto the people, I will surely go forth with
you myself also. But the people said, Thou will
not go forth: for if we flee away, they will not care for us; neither if
half of us die, will they care for us: but thou art worth ten thousand of
us; therefore now it is better that thou be ready to succor us out of the
city. And the king said unto them, What seemeth
you best I will do. And the king stood by the gate-side, and all the
people went out by hundreds and by thousands.
And the king commanded Joab and Abishai and
Ittai, saying, Deal gently for my sake with the young man, even with
Absalom. And all the people heard when the king gave all the captains
charge concerning Absalom.
So the people went out into the field against
Israel: and the battle was in the forest of Ephraim.
And the people of Israel were smitten there
before the servants of David, and there was a great slaughter there that
day of twenty thousand men. For the battle was
there spread over the face of all the country; and the forest devoured
more people that day than the sword devoured.
And Absalom chanced to meet the servants of
David. And Absalom was riding upon his mule, and the mule went under the
thick boughs of a great oak, and his head caught hold of the oak, and he
was taken up between heaven and earth; and the mule that was under him
went on. And a certain man saw it, and told
Joab, and said, Behold, I saw Absalom hanging in an oak.
And Joab said unto the man that told him, And,
behold, thou sawest it, and why didst thou not smite him there to the
ground? and I would have given thee ten pieces of silver, and a
girdle. And the man said unto Joab, Though I
should receive a thousand pieces of silver in my hand, yet would I
not put forth my hand against the king's son; for in our hearing the king
charged thee and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Beware that none touch the
young man Absalom. Otherwise if I had dealt
falsely against his life (and there is no matter hid from the king), then
thou thyself wouldest have set thyself against me.
Then said Joab, I may not tarry thus with thee.
And he took three darts in his hand, and thrust them through the heart of
Absalom, while he was yet alive in the midst of the oak.
And ten young men that bare Joab's armor
compassed about and smote Absalom, and slew him.
And Joab blew the trumpet, and the people
returned from pursuing after Israel; for Joab held back the people.
And they took Absalom, and cast him into the
great pit in the forest, and raised over him a very great heap of stones:
and all Israel fled every one to his tent. Now
Absalom in his lifetime had taken and reared up for himself the pillar,
which is in the king's dale; for he said, I have no son to keep my name in
remembrance: and he called the pillar after his own name; and it is called
Absalom's monument, unto this day.
Then said Ahimaaz the son of Zadok, Let me now
run, and bear the king tidings, how that Jehovah hath avenged him of his
enemies. And Joab said unto him, Thou will not
be the bearer of tidings this day, but thou will bear tidings another
day; but this day thou will bear no tidings, because the king's son is
dead. Then said Joab to the Cushite, Go, tell
the king what thou hast seen. And the Cushite bowed himself unto Joab, and
ran. Then said Ahimaaz the son of Zadok yet
again to Joab, But come what may, let me, I pray thee, also run after the
Cushite. And Joab said, Wherefore wilt thou run, my son, seeing that thou
wilt have no reward for the tidings? But come
what may, said he, I will run. And he said unto him, Run. Then
Ahimaaz ran by the way of the Plain, and outran the Cushite.
Now David was sitting between the two gates:
and the watchman went up to the roof of the gate unto the wall, and lifted
up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, a man running alone.
And the watchman cried, and told the king. And
the king said, If he be alone, there is tidings in his mouth. And he came
apace, and drew near. And the watchman saw
another man running; and the watchman called unto the porter, and said,
Behold, another man running alone. And the king said, He also
bringeth tidings. And the watchman said, I
think the running of the foremost is like the running of Ahimaaz the son
of Zadok. And the king said, He is a good man, and cometh with good
And Ahimaaz called, and said unto the king, All
is well. And he bowed himself before the king with his face to the earth,
and said, Blessed be Jehovah thy God, who hath delivered up the men that
lifted up their hand against my lord the king.
And the king said, Is it well with the young
man Absalom? And Ahimaaz answered, When Joab sent the king's servant, even
me thy servant, I saw a great tumult, but I knew not what it was.
And the king said, Turn aside, and stand here.
And he turned aside, and stood still.
And, behold, the Cushite came; and the Cushite
said, Tidings for my lord the king; for Jehovah hath avenged thee this day
of all them that rose up against thee. And the
king said unto the Cushite, Is it well with the young man Absalom? And the
Cushite answered, The enemies of my lord the king, and all that rise up
against thee to do thee hurt, be as that young man is.
And the king was much moved, and went up to the
chamber over the gate, and wept: and as he went, thus he said, O my son
Absalom, my son, my son Absalom! would I had died for thee, O Absalom, my
son, my son!
And it was told Joab, Behold, the king weepeth
and mourneth for Absalom. And the victory that
day was turned into mourning unto all the people; for the people heard say
that day, The king grieveth for his son. And the
people gat them by stealth that day into the city, as people that are
ashamed steal away when they flee in battle. And
the king covered his face, and the king cried with a loud voice, O my son
Absalom, O Absalom, my son, my son! And Joab
came into the house to the king, and said, Thou hast shamed this day the
faces of all thy servants, who this day have saved thy life, and the lives
of thy sons and of thy daughters, and the lives of thy wives, and the
lives of thy concubines; in that thou lovest
them that hate thee, and hatest them that love thee. For thou hast
declared this day, that princes and servants are nought unto thee: for
this day I perceive, that if Absalom had lived, and all we had died this
day, then it had pleased thee well. Now
therefore arise, go forth, and speak comfortably unto thy servants; for I
swear by Jehovah, if thou go not forth, there will not tarry a man with
thee this night: and that will be worse unto thee than all the evil that
hath befallen thee from thy youth until now.
Then the king arose, and sat in the gate. And
they told unto all the people, saying, Behold, the king is sitting in the
gate: and all the people came before the king.
Now Israel had fled every man to his tent. And
all the people were at strife throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying,
The king delivered us out of the hand of our enemies, and he saved us out
of the hand of the Philistines; and now he is fled out of the land from
Absalom. And Absalom, whom we anointed over us,
is dead in battle. Now therefore why speak ye not a word of bringing the
And king David sent to Zadok and to Abiathar
the priests, saying, Speak unto the elders of Judah, saying, Why are ye
the last to bring the king back to his house? seeing the speech of all
Israel is come to the king, to bring him to his house.
Ye are my brethren, ye are my bone and my
flesh: wherefore then are ye the last to bring back the king?
And say ye to Amasa, Art thou not my bone and
my flesh? God do so to me, and more also, if thou be not captain of the
host before me continually in the room of Joab.
And he bowed the heart of all the men of Judah,
even as the heart of one man; so that they sent unto the king,
saying, Return thou, and all thy servants.
So the king returned, and came to the Jordan.
And Judah came to Gilgal, to go to meet the king, to bring the king over
And Shimei the son of Gera, the Benjamite, who
was of Bahurim, hasted and came down with the men of Judah to meet king
David. And there were a thousand men of
Benjamin with him, and Ziba the servant of the house of Saul, and his
fifteen sons and his twenty servants with him; and they went through the
Jordan in the presence of the king. And there
went over a ferry-boat to bring over the king's household, and to do what
he thought good. And Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the king,
when he was come over the Jordan. And he said
unto the king, Let not my lord impute iniquity unto me, neither do thou
remember that which thy servant did perversely the day that my lord the
king went out of Jerusalem, that the king should take it to his heart.
For thy servant doth know that I have sinned:
therefore, behold, I am come this day the first of all the house of Joseph
to go down to meet my lord the king.
But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and
said, Shall not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed
Jehovah's anointed? And David said, What have I
to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah, that ye should this day be adversaries
unto me? shall there any man be put to death this day in Israel? for do
not I know that I am this day king over Israel?
And the king said unto Shimei, Thou will not
die. And the king sware unto him.
And Mephibosheth the son of Saul came down to
meet the king; and he had neither dressed his feet, nor trimmed his beard,
nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he
came home in peace. And it came to pass, when
he was come to Jerusalem to meet the king, that the king said unto him,
Wherefore wentest not thou with me, Mephibosheth?
And he answered, My lord, O king, my servant
deceived me: for thy servant said, I will saddle me an ass, that I may
ride thereon, and go with the king; because thy servant is lame.
And he hath slandered thy servant unto my lord
the king; but my lord the king is as an angel of God: do therefore what is
good in thine eyes. For all my father's house
were but dead men before my lord the king; yet didst thou set thy servant
among them that did eat at thine own table. What right therefore have I
yet that I should cry any more unto the king?
And the king said unto him, Why speakest thou
any more of thy matters? I say, Thou and Ziba divide the land.
And Mephibosheth said unto the king, yea, let
him take all, forasmuch as my lord the king is come in peace unto his own
And Barzillai the Gileadite came down from
Rogelim; and he went over the Jordan with the king, to conduct him over
the Jordan. Now Barzillai was a very aged man,
even fourscore years old: and he had provided the king with sustenance
while he lay at Mahanaim; for he was a very great man.
And the king said unto Barzillai, Come thou
over with me, and I will sustain thee with me in Jerusalem.
And Barzillai said unto the king, How many are
the days of the years of my life, that I should go up with the king unto
Jerusalem? I am this day fourscore years old:
can I discern between good and bad? can thy servant taste what I eat or
what I drink? can I hear any more the voice of singing men and singing
women? wherefore then should thy servant be yet a burden unto my lord the
king? Thy servant would but just go over the
Jordan with the king: and why should the king recompense it me with such a
reward? Let thy servant, I pray thee, turn back
again, that I may die in mine own city, by the grave of my father and my
mother. But behold, thy servant Chimham; let him go over with my lord the
king; and do to him what shall seem good unto thee.
And the king answered, Chimham shall go over
with me, and I will do to him that which shall seem good unto thee: and
whatsoever thou will require of me, that will I do for thee.
And all the people went over the Jordan, and
the king went over: and the king kissed Barzillai, and blessed him; and he
returned unto his own place.
So the king went over to Gilgal, and Chimham
went over with him: and all the people of Judah brought the king over, and
also half the people of Israel. And, behold,
all the men of Israel came to the king, and said unto the king, Why have
our brethren the men of Judah stolen thee away, and brought the king, and
his household, over the Jordan, and all David's men with him?
And all the men of Judah answered the men of
Israel, Because the king is near of kin to us: wherefore then are ye angry
for this matter? have we eaten at all at the king's cost? or hath he given
us any gift? And the men of Israel answered the
men of Judah, and said, We have ten parts in the king, and we have also
more right in David than ye: why then did ye despise us, that our
advice should not be first had in bringing back our king? And the words of
the men of Judah were fiercer than the words of the men of Israel.
And there happened to be there a base fellow,
whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew the
trumpet, and said, We have no portion in David, neither have we
inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel.
So all the men of Israel went up from following
David, and followed Sheba the son of Bichri; but the men of Judah clave
unto their king, from the Jordan even to Jerusalem.
And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and
the king took the ten women his concubines, whom he had left to keep the
house, and put them in ward, and provided them with sustenance, but went
not in unto them. So they were shut up unto the day of their death, living
Then said the king to Amasa, Call me the men of
Judah together within three days, and be thou here present.
So Amasa went to call the men of Judah
together; but he tarried longer than the set time which he had appointed
him. And David said to Abishai, Now will Sheba
the son of Bichri do us more harm than did Absalom: take thou thy lord's
servants, and pursue after him, lest he get him fortified cities, and
escape out of our sight. And there went out
after him Joab's men, and the Cherethites and the Pelethites, and all the
mighty men; and they went out of Jerusalem, to pursue after Sheba the son
of Bichri. When they were at the great stone
which is in Gibeon, Amasa came to meet them. And Joab was girded with his
apparel of war that he had put on, and thereon was a girdle with a sword
fastened upon his loins in the sheath thereof; and as he went forth it
fell out. And Joab said to Amasa, Is it well
with thee, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with his right
hand to kiss him. But Amasa took no heed to the
sword that was in Joab's hand: so he smote him therewith in the body, and
shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died.
And Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri.
And there stood by him one of Joab's young men,
and said, He that favoreth Joab, and he that is for David, let him follow
Joab. And Amasa lay wallowing in his blood in
the midst of the highway. And when the man saw that all the people stood
still, he carried Amasa out of the highway into the field, and cast a
garment over him, when he saw that every one that came by him stood still.
When he was removed out of the highway, all the
people went on after Joab, to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri.
And he went through all the tribes of Israel
unto Abel, and to Beth-maacah, and all the Berites: and they were gathered
together, and went also after him. And they
came and besieged him in Abel of Beth-maacah, and they cast up a mound
against the city, and it stood against the rampart; and all the people
that were with Joab battered the wall, to throw it down.
Then cried a wise woman out of the city, Hear,
hear; say, I pray you, unto Joab, Come near hither, that I may speak with
thee. And he came near unto her; and the woman
said, Art thou Joab? And he answered, I am. Then she said unto him, Hear
the words of thy handmaid. And he answered, I do hear.
Then she spake, saying, They were wont to speak
in old time, saying, They shall surely ask counsel at Abel: and so
they ended the matter. I am of them that
are peaceable and faithful in Israel: thou seekest to destroy a city and a
mother in Israel: why wilt thou swallow up the inheritance of Jehovah?
And Joab answered and said, Far be it, far be
it from me, that I should swallow up or destroy.
The matter is not so: but a man of the
hill-country of Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri by name, hath lifted up
his hand against the king, even against David; deliver him only, and I
will depart from the city. And the woman said unto Joab, Behold, his head
shall be thrown to thee over the wall. Then the
woman went unto all the people in her wisdom. And they cut off the head of
Sheba the son of Bichri, and threw it out to Joab. And he blew the
trumpet, and they were dispersed from the city, every man to his tent. And
Joab returned to Jerusalem unto the king.
Now Joab was over all the host of Israel; and
Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the
Pelethites; and Adoram was over the men subject
to taskwork; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;
and Sheva was scribe; and Zadok and Abiathar
were priests; and also Ira the Jairite was
chief minister unto David.
And there was a famine in the days of David
three years, year after year; and David sought the face of Jehovah. And
Jehovah said, It is for Saul, and for his bloody house, because he put to
death the Gibeonites. And the king called the
Gibeonites, and said unto them (now the Gibeonites were not of the
children of Israel, but of the remnant of the Amorites; and the children
of Israel had sworn unto them: and Saul sought to slay them in his zeal
for the children of Israel and Judah); and David
said unto the Gibeonites, What shall I do for you? and wherewith shall I
make atonement, that ye may bless the inheritance of Jehovah?
And the Gibeonites said unto him, It is no
matter of silver or gold between us and Saul, or his house; neither is it
for us to put any man to death in Israel. And he said, What ye shall say,
that will I do for you. And they said unto the
king, The man that consumed us, and that devised against us, that
we should be destroyed from remaining in any of the borders of Israel,
let seven men of his sons be delivered unto us,
and we will hang them up unto Jehovah in Gibeah of Saul, the chosen of
Jehovah. And the king said, I will give them.
But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of
Jonathan the son of Saul, because of Jehovah's oath that was between them,
between David and Jonathan the son of Saul. But
the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare
unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the
daughter of Saul, whom she bare to Adriel the son of Barzillai the
Meholathite: And he delivered them into the
hands of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them in the mountain before
Jehovah, and they fell all seven together. And they were put to
death in the days of harvest, in the first days, at the beginning of
And Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth,
and spread it for her upon the rock, from the beginning of harvest until
water was poured upon them from heaven; and she suffered neither the birds
of the heavens to rest on them by day, nor the beasts of the field by
night. And it was told David what Rizpah the
daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.
And David went and took the bones of Saul and
the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabesh-gilead, who had
stolen them from the street of Beth-shan, where the Philistines had hanged
them, in the day that the Philistines slew Saul in Gilboa;
and he brought up from thence the bones of Saul
and the bones of Jonathan his son: and they gathered the bones of them
that were hanged. And they buried the bones of
Saul and Jonathan his son in the country of Benjamin in Zela, in the
sepulchre of Kish his father: and they performed all that the king
commanded. And after that God was entreated for the land.
And the Philistines had war again with Israel;
and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the
Philistines. And David waxed faint; and
Ishbibenob, who was of the sons of the giant, the weight of whose spear
was three hundred shekels of brass in weight, he being girded with
a new sword, thought to have slain David.
But Abishai the son of Zeruiah succored him,
and smote the Philistine, and killed him. Then the men of David sware unto
him, saying, Thou will go no more out with us to battle, that thou quench
not the lamp of Israel.
And it came to pass after this, that there was
again war with the Philistines at Gob: then Sibbecai the Hushathite slew
Saph, who was of the sons of the giant. And
there was again war with the Philistines at Gob; and Elhanan the son of
Jaareoregim the Beth-lehemite slew Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose
spear was like a weaver's beam. And there was
again war at Gath, where was a man of great stature, that had on every
hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and twenty in number;
and he also was born to the giant. And when he
defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimei, David's brother, slew him.
These four were born to the giant in Gath; and
they fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.
And David spake unto Jehovah the words of this
song in the day that Jehovah delivered him out of the hand of all his
enemies, and out of the hand of Saul: and he
Jehovah is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer, even mine;
God, my rock, in him will I take refuge;
My shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge;
My saviour, thou savest me from violence.
I will call upon Jehovah, who is worthy to be
So shall I be saved from mine enemies.
For the waves of death compassed me;
The floods of ungodliness made me afraid:
The cords of Sheol were round about me;
The snares of death came upon me.
In my distress I called upon Jehovah;
Yea, I called unto my God:
And he heard my voice out of his temple,
And my cry came into his ears.
Then the earth shook and trembled,
The foundations of heaven quaked
And were shaken, because he was wroth.
There went up a smoke out of his nostrils,
And fire out of his mouth devoured:
Coals were kindled by it.
He bowed the heavens also, and came down;
And thick darkness was under his feet.
And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly;
Yea, he was seen upon the wings of the wind.
And he made darkness pavilions round about him,
Gathering of waters, thick clouds of the skies.
At the brightness before him
Coals of fire were kindled.
Jehovah thundered from heaven,
And the Most High uttered his voice.
And he sent out arrows, and scattered them;
Lightning, and discomfited them.
Then the channels of the sea appeared,
The foundations of the world were laid bare,
By the rebuke of Jehovah,
At the blast of the breath of his nostrils.
He sent from on high, he took me;
He drew me out of many waters;
He delivered me from my strong enemy,
From them that hated me; for they were too mighty for me.
They came upon me in the day of my calamity;
But Jehovah was my stay.
He brought me forth also into a large place;
He delivered me, because he delighted in me.
Jehovah rewarded me according to my
According to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me.
For I have kept the ways of Jehovah,
And have not wickedly departed from my God.
For all his ordinances were before me;
And as for his statutes, I did not depart from them.
I was also perfect toward him;
And I kept myself from mine iniquity.
Therefore hath Jehovah recompensed me according
to my righteousness,
According to my cleanness in his eyesight.
With the merciful thou wilt show thyself
With the perfect man thou wilt show thyself perfect;
With the pure thou wilt show thyself pure;
And with the perverse thou wilt show thyself froward.
And the afflicted people thou wilt save;
But thine eyes are upon the haughty, that thou mayest bring them down.
For thou art my lamp, O Jehovah;
And Jehovah will lighten my darkness.
For by thee I run upon a troop;
By my God do I leap over a wall.
As for God, his way is perfect:
The word of Jehovah is tried;
He is a shield unto all them that take refuge in him.
For who is God, save Jehovah?
And who is a rock, save our God?
God is my strong fortress;
And he guideth the perfect in his way.
He maketh his feet like hinds' feet,
And setteth me upon my high places.
He teacheth my hands to war,
So that mine arms do bend a bow of brass.
Thou hast also given me the shield of thy
And thy gentleness hath made me great.
Thou hast enlarged my steps under me;
And my feet have not slipped.
I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them;
Neither did I turn again till they were consumed.
And I have consumed them, and smitten them
through, so that they cannot arise:
Yea, they are fallen under my feet.
For thou hast girded me with strength unto the
Thou hast subdued under me those that rose up against me.
Thou hast also made mine enemies turn their
backs unto me,
That I might cut off them that hate me.
They looked, but there was none to save;
Even unto Jehovah, but he answered them not.
Then did I beat them small as the dust of the
I did crush them as the mire of the streets, and did spread them abroad.
Thou also hast delivered me from the strivings
of my people;
Thou hast kept me to be the head of the nations:
A people whom I have not known shall serve me.
The foreigners shall submit themselves unto me:
As soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me.
The foreigners shall fade away,
And shall come trembling out of their close places.
Jehovah liveth; And blessed be my rock;
And exalted be God, the rock of my salvation,
Even the God that executeth vengeance for me,
And that bringeth down peoples under me,
And that bringeth me forth from mine enemies:
Yea, thou liftest me up above them that rise up against me;
Thou deliverest me from the violent man.
Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O
Jehovah, among the nations,
And will sing praises unto thy name.
Great deliverance giveth he to his king,
And showeth lovingkindness to his anointed,
To David and to his seed, for evermore.
Now these are the last words of David.
David the son of Jesse says,
And the man who was raised on high says,
The anointed of the God of Jacob,
And the sweet psalmist of Israel:
The Spirit of Jehovah spake by me,
And his word was upon my tongue.
The God of Israel said,
The Rock of Israel spake to me:
One that ruleth over men righteously,
That ruleth in the fear of God,
He shall be as the light of the morning,
when the sun riseth,
A morning without clouds,
When the tender grass springeth out of the earth,
Through clear shining after rain.
Verily my house is not so with God;
Yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant,
Ordered in all things, and sure:
For it is all my salvation, and all my desire,
Although he maketh it not to grow.
But the ungodly shall be all of them as thorns
to be thrust away,
Because they cannot be taken with the hand
But the man that toucheth them
Must be armed with iron and the staff of a spear:
And they shall be utterly burned with fire in their place
These are the names of the mighty men whom David
had: Josheb-basshebeth a Tahchemonite, chief of the captains; the same was
Adino the Eznite, against eight hundred slain at one time.
And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodai the
son of an Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they
defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and
the men of Israel were gone away. He arose, and
smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave unto
the sword; and Jehovah wrought a great victory that day; and the people
returned after him only to take spoil.
And after him was Shammah the son of Agee a
Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where
was a plot of ground full of lentils; and the people fled from the
Philistines. But he stood in the midst of the
plot, and defended it, and slew the Philistines; and Jehovah wrought a
And three of the thirty chief men went down,
and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam; and the
troop of the Philistines was encamped in the valley of Rephaim.
And David was then in the stronghold; and the
garrison of the Philistines was then in Beth-lehem.
And David longed, and said, Oh that one would
give me water to drink of the well of Beth-lehem, which is by the gate!
And the three mighty men brake through the host
of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Beth-lehem, that was
by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: but he would not drink
thereof, but poured it out unto Jehovah. And he
said, Be it far from me, O Jehovah, that I should do this: shall I
drink the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives?
therefore he would not drink it. These things did the three mighty men.
And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of
Zeruiah, was chief of the three. And he lifted up his spear against three
hundred and slew them, and had a name among the three.
Was he not most honorable of the three?
therefore he was made their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the
And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a
valiant man of Kabzeel, who had done mighty deeds, he slew the two sons
of Ariel of Moab: he went down also and slew a lion in the midst of a
pit in time of snow. And he slew an Egyptian, a
goodly man: and the Egyptian had a spear in his hand; but he went down to
him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and
slew him with his own spear. These things did
Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had a name among the three mighty men.
He was more honorable than the thirty, but he
attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.
Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the
thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Beth-lehem,
Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,
Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the
Tekoite, Abiezer the Anathothite, Mebunnai the
Hushathite, Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the
Netophathite, Heleb the son of Baanah the
Netophathite, Ittai the son of Ribai of Gibeah of the children of
Benjamin, Benaiah a Pirathonite, Hiddai of the
brooks of Gaash. Abialbon the Arbathite,
Azmaveth the Barhumite, Eliahba the
Shaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan,
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar
the Ararite, Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the
son of the Maacathite, Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,
Hezro the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite,
Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the
Gadite, Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the
Beerothite, armorbearers to Joab the son of Zeruiah,
Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite,
Uriah the Hittite: thirty and seven in all.
And again the anger of Jehovah was kindled
against Israel, and he moved David against them, saying, Go, number Israel
and Judah. And the king said to Joab the captain
of the host, who was with him, Go now to and fro through all the tribes of
Israel, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, and number ye the people, that I may
know the sum of the people. And Joab said unto
the king, Now Jehovah thy God add unto the people, how many soever they
may be, a hundredfold; and may the eyes of my lord the king see it: but
why doth my lord the king delight in this thing?
Notwithstanding, the king's word prevailed
against Joab, and against the captains of the host. And Joab and the
captains of the host went out from the presence of the king, to number the
people of Israel. And they passed over the
Jordan, and encamped in Aroer, on the right side of the city that is in
the middle of the valley of Gad, and unto Jazer:
then they came to Gilead, and to the land of
Tahtim-hodshi; and they came to Dan-jaan, and round about to Sidon,
and came to the stronghold of Tyre, and to all
the cities of the Hivites, and of the Canaanites; and they went out to the
south of Judah, at Beer-sheba. So when they had
gone to and from through all the land, they came to Jerusalem at the end
of nine months and twenty days. And Joab gave up
the sum of the numbering of the people unto the king: and there were in
Israel eight hundred thousand valiant men that drew the sword; and the men
of Judah were five hundred thousand men.
And David's heart smote him after that he had
numbered the people. And David said unto Jehovah, I have sinned greatly in
that which I have done: but now, O Jehovah, put away, I beseech thee, the
iniquity of thy servant; for I have done very foolishly.
And when David rose up in the morning, the word
of Jehovah came unto the prophet Gad, David's seer, saying,
Go and speak unto David, Thus says Jehovah, I
offer thee three things: choose thee one of them, that I may do it unto
thee. So Gad came to David, and told him, and
said unto him, Shall seven years of famine come unto thee in thy land? or
wilt thou flee three months before thy foes while they pursue thee? or
shall there be three days' pestilence in thy land? now advise thee, and
consider what answer I shall return to him that sent me.
And David said unto Gad, I am in a great
strait: let us fall now into the hand of Jehovah; for his mercies are
great; and let me not fall into the hand of man.
So Jehovah sent a pestilence upon Israel from
the morning even to the time appointed; and there died of the people from
Dan even to Beer-sheba seventy thousand men.
And when the angel stretched out his hand
toward Jerusalem to destroy it, Jehovah repented him of the evil, and said
to the angel that destroyed the people, It is enough; now stay thy hand.
And the angel of Jehovah was by the threshing-floor of Araunah the
Jebusite. And David spake unto Jehovah when he
saw the angel that smote the people, and said, Lo, I have sinned, and I
have done perversely; but these sheep, what have they done? let thy hand,
I pray thee, be against me, and against my father's house.
And Gad came that day to David, and said unto
him, Go up, rear an altar unto Jehovah in the threshing-floor of Araunah
the Jebusite. And David went up according to
the saying of Gad, as Jehovah commanded. And
Araunah looked forth, and saw the king and his servants coming on toward
him: and Araunah went out, and bowed himself before the king with his face
to the ground. And Araunah said, Wherefore is
my lord the king come to his servant? And David said, To buy the
threshing-floor of thee, to build an altar unto Jehovah, that the plague
may be stayed from the people. And Araunah said
unto David, Let my lord the king take and offer up what seemeth good unto
him: behold, the oxen for the burnt-offering, and the threshing
instruments and the yokes of the oxen for the wood:
all this, O king, doth Araunah give unto the
king. And Araunah said unto the king, Jehovah thy God accept thee.
And the king said unto Araunah, Nay; but I will
verily buy it of thee at a price. Neither will I offer burnt-offerings
unto Jehovah my God which cost me nothing. So David bought the
threshing-floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver.
And David built there an altar unto Jehovah,
and offered burnt-offerings and peace-offerings. So Jehovah was entreated
for the land, and the plague was stayed from Israel.